41 Adjectives – Comparative

Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives are determiners used to make a comparison between two things, people or actions, expressing the equalities or inequalities between them.

The Comparative form of an adjective is obtained differently depending on its number of syllables and on its suffix. We use the word than after an adjective to compare one thing with another.

The formula of comparative form is:
Subject + verb + comparative adjective + than + object

One syllable

Generally, with one-syllable adjectives we just add -er.
With one-syllable adjectives ending with one vowel and one consonant we usually double the final consonant before adding -er (e.g. big -> bigger).
With one-syllable adjective ending with -e we just add +r.

big bigger
clean cleaner
fat fatter
old older
simple simpler

Two syllables ending in -y

Suffix –y: change -y to –and add –er

early earlier
funny funnier
friendly frendlier
happy happier
pretty prettier

Two or more syllables not ending in -y

We add more before the adjective: more + adjective (without changes)

beautiful more beautiful
boring more boring
difficult more difficult
modern more modern
popular more popular

We cannot change the suffixes of adjectives with “more”. We put “than” after these adjectives.
[…more + adjective (without changes) + than…].

One syllable

  • I am cleaner than him.
  • Their brother is older than my sister.
  • Andorra and San Marino are smaller than Great Britain.

 Two syllables ending with -y

  • I am friendlier than Max.
  • Kate is prettier than Martha.
  • We should get up earlier tomorrow.

 Two or more syllables not ending with -y

  • I am more popular than you.
  • He is more boring than his brother.
  • Maths and Chemistry are more difficult than Biology.

We use Comparative Adjectives when we want to compare two or more things, people or actions.

We use Comparative Adjectives when we wish to make a comparison between two things, people or actions, expressing the equalities or inequalities between them.

The comparative’s structure is formed differently according to the number of syllables and the suffix of the adjective.

For example:
One-syllable adjectives: “Claire is older than Paula” = Because the word old has one syllable, we just add -er (With one-syllable adjectives ending with one vowel and one consonant we usually double the final consonant before adding -er (e.g. big -> bigger)).
— Two-syllables adjectives ending in -y:
Claire is prettier than Paula.” = Because the word pretty ends with -y, -y becomes -i and and we need to add -er.
Two or more syllables adjectives not ending in -y: Claire is more sympathetic than Paula.” = Because the word sympathetic has more than one syllables, we need to write more before the adjective. The adjective does not change when using more.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.