46 Adjectives/Pronouns – Possessive

Determiners

The Possessive Case is used to talk about things that belong to a person or animal.We can even use it to show that one thing belongs to another thing.

Below you can read the Possessive Adjective corresponding to each personal pronoun:

PERSONAL NOUN POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
I My
You Your
He His
She Her
It Its
We Our
You Your
They Their

Below you can read the Possessive Pronouns corresponding to each personal pronoun:

PERSONAL NOUN POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
I Mine
You Yours
He His
She Hers
It Its
We Ours
You Yours
They Theirs

Possessive adjectives

  1. With a noun
    • My father and I are policemen.
    • Is this her house?
    • Our cat doesn’t like fish.
  2. With parts of the body
    • I can’t open my eyes underwater.
    • He brushes his teeth twice a day.
    • Their legs  are injured.

Possessive pronouns

Not before a noun

  • Is it her sandwich?
    – No, it’s mine.
  • This is hers.
  • His house is big, but ours is small.

We use Possessive Adjectives together with a noun and with parts of the body.

We don’t use Possessive Pronouns before a noun.

We use Possessive Adjectives or Pronouns to express the belonging of something to a person or animal. As with any type of pronoun in English, we distinguish them by number (singular, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

Remember: There is a key difference between the two possessive adjectives are used before a noun, possessive pronouns are used without a noun following it.

For example:
— “Your new shoes are very nice.” – “The your new shoes are very nice.= Your here is the adjective that describes another element in the sentence, so it is a possessive adjective.
— “Who does this T-shirt belong to? – That’s mine” – “Who does this T-shirt belong to? – That’s the mine! ” = Mine is used to replace another element in the sentence, so it is a possessive pronoun.

NOTE: We don’t use articles and other determiners before possessive adjectives and pronouns.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.