36 Be going to

Be going to is a structure that refers to the future.

Affirmative

The structure of Be going to in Affirmative form is:
Subject + “be going to” + verb
.

SUBJECT BE GOING TO VERB
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work

Negative

The structure of Be going to in Negative form is:
Subject + “be” + not + “going to” + verb.

SUBJECT BE + NEGATION GOING TO VERB
I am not going to work
You are not going to work
He is not going to work
She is not going to work
It is not going to work
We are not going to work
You are not going to work
They are not going to work

Interrogative

The structure of Be going to in Interrogative form is:
Be” + subject + “going to” + verb + …?

BE SUBJECT GOING TO VERB QUESTION MARK
Am I going to work …?
Are you going to work …?
Is he going to work …?
Is she going to work …?
Is it going to work …?
Are we going to work …?
Are you going to work …?
Are they going to work …?

NOTE: We can use “gonna” instead of “going to” in speaking and in song lyrics (in informal contexts).

  • I am going to London this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be a pilot.
  • We are going to visit you tonight.
  • I am not going to London this weekend.
  • Am I going to London this weekend?

We use “Be going to” when we are talking about intentions and future plans.

“Be going to” structure refers to strong intentions and future plans.

  • Affirmative: Subject + “be going to” + verb;
  • Negative: Subject + “be” + not + “going to” + verb;
  • Interrogative: “Be” + subject + “going to” + verb + …?

For example:
— Affirmative: “I am going to go to London in the summer.” = The subject has intentions of travelling to London in the summer.
Negative: “I am not going to become a doctor, I am going to be a pilot.” = The subject denies his intentions about the future.
Interrogative: Are you going to eat that cake?” = The subject is asked about their intentions about the future.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.