57 Conjunctions: and, but, because, when

Conjuctions

Conjunctions are words that function as a link between clauses in sentences.

Conjunctions are words that function as a link between clauses in sentences.

The structure of the sentence is as follows:
Clause 1 + “and/but/because/when” + Clause 2.

And

  • Kevin reads newspaper and watches television every Friday.
  • They live in New York and love its beautiful library.

 But

  • I like maths lessons but I don’t really like history lessons.
  • You can go hiking there but you have to be very careful.

 Because

  • Anna doesn’t want to have an exam because she did not study.
  • We can’t come to the party tonight because we must study.

When

  • You get very tired when you don’t sleep.
  • We came from the school when nobody was home.

They show how the meanings of two clauses are related to each other. We can combine the clauses with the following Conjunctions:

  • And: It connects two sentences (addition);
  • But: It states either a condition or a contrast (contrast);
  • Because: It states the reason (cause);
  • When: It states the time of the sentences (time).

Conjunctions are very important as they act as a link between clauses within a sentence.

The main Conjunctions are: And, But, Because and When and their roles as conjunctions differ in a specific way.

The structure of the sentence is as follows:
Clause 1 + “and/but/because/when” + Clause 2.

For example:
— “I need to go to the supermarket and the bakery.” = The conjunction and is used to connect two sentences.
— “I need to go to the supermarket but I have to work.” = The conjunction but is used because instead of going to the supermarket I have to work.
— “I need to go to the supermarket because we have no bread.” = The conjunction because is used to link the two parts of the sentence: the action and the reason of the action.
— “I need to go to the supermarket when I finish work.” = The conjunction when is used because I will go to the supermarket once I have finished work.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.