Conjunctions are words that function as a link between clauses in sentences.
- Clause 1 + and + Clause 2 (addition);
- Clause 1 + but + Clause 2 (contrast);
- Clause 1 + because + Clause 2 (cause);
- Clause 1 + when + Clause 2 (time).
- Kevin reads newspaper and watches television every Friday.
- They live in New York and love its beautiful library.
- I like maths lessons but I don’t really like history lessons.
- You can go hiking there but you have to be very careful.
- Anna doesn’t want to have an exam because she did not study.
- We can’t come to the party tonight because we must study.
- You get very tired when you don’t sleep.
- We came from the school when nobody was home.
Complex sentences in English need 2 or more clauses. A clause needs at least a subject and a verb.
We can combine two clauses with the following Conjunctions:
- And (it connects two sentences);
- But (it states either a condition or a contrast);
- Because (it states the reason);
- When (it states the time of the sentences).
Conjunctions are very important as they act as a link between clauses within a sentence.
The main Conjunctions are: And, But, Because and When and their roles as conjunctions differ in a specific way.
— “I need to go to the supermarket and the bakery.” = The conjunction and is used to connect two sentences.
— “I need to go to the supermarket but I have to work.” = The conjunction but is used because instead of going to the supermarket I have to work.
— “I need to go to the supermarket because we have no bread.” = The conjunction because is used to link the two parts of the sentence: the action and the reason of the action.
— “I need to go to the supermarket when I finish work.” = The conjunction when is used because I will go to the supermarket once I have finished work.
NOTE: A clause needs to have at least a subject and a verb.
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.