57 Conjunctions: and, but, because, when

Conjuctions

Conjunctions are words used to connect nouns or clauses. They usually show how the meanings of two clauses are related to each other.

Conjunctions are words that function as a link between clauses in sentences.

  • Clause 1 + and + Clause 2 (addition);
  • Clause 1 + but + Clause 2 (contrast);
  • Clause 1 + because + Clause 2 (cause);
  • Clause 1 + when + Clause 2 (time).
  1. And
    • Kevin reads newspaper and watches television every Friday.
    • They live in New York and love its beautiful library.
  2.  But
    • I like maths lessons but I don’t really like history lessons.
    • You can go hiking there but you have to be very careful.
  3.  Because
    • Anna doesn’t want to have an exam because she did not study.
    • We can’t come to the party tonight because we must study.
  4. When
    • You get very tired when you don’t sleep.
    • We came from the school when nobody was home.

Complex sentences in English need 2 or more clauses. A clause needs at least a subject and a verb.

We can combine two clauses with the following Conjunctions:

  1. And (it connects two sentences);
  2. But (it states either a condition or a contrast);
  3. Because (it states the reason);
  4. When (it states the time of the sentences).

Conjunctions are very important as they act as a link between clauses within a sentence.

The main Conjunctions are: And, But, Because and When and their roles as conjunctions differ in a specific way.

For example:
— “I need to go to the supermarket and the bakery.” = The conjunction and is used to connect two sentences.
— “I need to go to the supermarket but I have to work.” = The conjunction but is used because instead of going to the supermarket I have to work.
— “I need to go to the supermarket because we have no bread.” = The conjunction because is used to link the two parts of the sentence: the action and the reason of the action.
— “I need to go to the supermarket when I finish work.” = The conjunction when is used because I will go to the supermarket once I have finished work.

NOTE: A clause needs to have at least a subject and a verb.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.