20 Have/Have got – Affirmative

Verbs

Have/Have got is a verb used to express states like possession, relationship, illnesses and the characteristics of people and things.

When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

Have and Have got are two variations of the verb. There is almost no difference in meaning.

Present simple of “to have” – Affirmative

The Affirmative form of the verb to Have has this structure:
Subject + have (“has” for the third person singular).

SUBJECT VERB HAVE SHORT FORM
I have I’ve
You have You’ve
He has
She has
It has
We have We’ve
You have You’ve
They have They’ve

Present simple of “to have got” – Affirmative

The Affirmative form of the verb to Have got has this structure:
Subject + have + got (“has” for the third person singular).

SUBJECT HAVE GOT SHORT FORM
I have got I’ve got
You have got You’ve got
He has got He’s got
She has got She’s got
It has got It’s got
We have got We’ve got
You have got You’ve got
They have got They’ve got

Have

  • I have a cat.
  • She has two dogs.
  • We have a lot of time.

Have got

  • I’ve got a cat.
  • She‘s got two dogs.
  • We’ve got a lot of time.

We use Have and Have got, in its Affirmative form, to talk about possessions and relationships.

Have and Have got are used similarly to express possession, relationships, illnesses and characteristics. However they’re not completely interchangeable, below you can read the differences between them:

Have:

  • Can be used to talk about actions (e.g. I have lunch at 2 p.m.);
  • Can be used to talk about past, present and future;
  • There is no short version of have in the Affirmative form for 3rd person of singular.

Have got:

  • Cannot be used to talk about actions (e.g. I have got lunch at 2 p.m.);
  • Can be used just to talk about the present;
  • Can always be used in its contracted form.

Have and Have got are two forms of a common verb. We use them to express states such as possession, relationship, illnesses and characteristics. When used in its Affirmative form, something about the subject is confirmed. However, it must be noted that the two forms are not interchangeable (we cannot use either one of them instead of the other all the time).

  • The Affirmative form of the verb to Have has this structure:
    Subject + have (“has” for the third person singular) (e.g. I have a car.);
  • The Affirmative form of the verb to Have got has this structure:
    Subject + have + got (“has” for the third person singular) (e.g. I have got a car.).

For example:
“I have a car.” = We use Have because we talk about possessing something.
— “I’ve got a car.” = We use Have got because we talk about possessing something.

NOTE: Have is also used as an auxiliary verb in certain tenses to talk about actions, we cannot use have got for this. (e.g. I have done it. – I have got done it.)

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.