21 Have/Have got – Negative

Verbs

Have/Have got is a verb used to express states like possession, relationship, illnesses and the characteristics of people and things.

When expressed in its Negative form, the verb denies something about the subject.

Have and Have got are two variations of the verb. There is almost no difference in meaning.

Present simple of “to have” – Negative

The Negative form of the verb to Have has this structure:
Subject + auxiliary verb “do” + not + base form of the verb “to Have” (“does” for the third person).

SUBJECT NEGATION VERB HAVE SHORT FORM
I do not have don’t have
You do not have don’t have
He does not have doesn’t have
She does not have doesn’t have
It does not have doesn’t have
We do not have don’t have
You do not have don’t have
They do not have don’t have

Present simple of “to have got” – Negative

The Negative form of the verb to Have got has this structure:
Subject + have + not + got (“has” for third person singular).

SUBJECT VERB HAVE + NEGATION SHORT FORM
I have not got haven’t got
You have not got haven’t got
He has not got hasn’t got
She has not got hasn’t got
It has not got hasn’t got
We have not got haven’t got
You have not got haven’t got
They have not got haven’t got

Have not

  • I don’t have a cat.
  • She doesn’t have two dogs.
  • We don’t have a lot of time.

Have not got

  • I haven’t got a cat.
  • She hasn’t got two dogs.
  • We haven’t got a lot of time

We use Don’t have and Haven’t got, in its Negative form, when someone does not possess something.

Have and Have got are used similarly to express possession, relationships, illnesses and characteristics. However they’re not completely interchangeable, below you can read the differences between them:

Have:

  • Can be used to talk about actions (e.g. I have lunch at 2 p.m.);
  • Can be used to talk about past, present and future.

Have got:

  • Cannot be used to talk about actions (e.g. I have got lunch at 2 p.m.);
  • Can be used just to talk about the present;
  • Can be always used in its contracted form.

Have and Have got are two forms of a common verb in the English language. We use them to express states such as possession and relationship. When used in its Negative form, something about the subject is denied. However, it must be noted that the two forms are not interchangeable (we cannot use either one of them instead of the other all the time).

  • The Negative form of the verb to Have has this structure:
    Subject + auxiliary verb “do” + not + base form of the verb “to Have” (“does” for the third person) (e.g. I do not have a car).
  • The Negative form of the verb to Have got has this structure:
    Subject + have + not + got (“has” for the third person singular) (e.g. I have not got a car).

For example:
— “I do not have a car.” = We use Have because we talk about not possessing something.
— “I have not got a car.” = We use Have got because we talk about not possessing something.

NOTE: Have is also used as an auxiliary verb in certain tenses to talk about actions, we cannot use Have got for this. However, if we are using Have for actions we do not need to use “do” or “does” (e.g. I have not done it. – I have not got done it.).

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section.Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.