When we consider the verbs Love/Like/Hate we can find two kinds of structures which are different in form and have slightly different meaning:
Love/Like/Hate + gerund (-ing form). – emphasises the action or experience
Love/Like/Hate + to + infinitive. – gives more emphasis to the results of the action or event
- I like cooking. (I enjoy the activity)
I like to cook on Sundays. (I have a habit of cooking every Sunday)
- He loves travelling abroad! (This is his favourite hobby)
He loves to travel abroad. (He does it every now and then)
- They hate going to the doctor. (They detest the necessity)
They hate to go to the doctor. (Every time they go they hate it)
After the verbs Love/Like/Hate, two types of constructions can be used. Love/Like/Hate + gerund places emphasis on liking and Love/Like/Hate + to + infinitive places emphasis on the habit.
The –ing form is more common than the to-infinitive form after hate and love.
The verbs Love/Like/Hate are used when we wish to talk about things we like (love or like) or dislike (hate) and to express preferences and tastes.
The structure is: Love/Like/Hate + gerund (-ing form) or Love/Like/Hate + to + infinitive.
— “I love going to the beach.” / “I love to go to the beach.”
— “I like going to the beach.” / “I like to go to the beach.”
— “I hate going to the beach.” / “I hate to go to the beach.”
The first sentence with the structure Love/Like/Hate + gerund (-ing form) emphasize the action or experience.
The second one, Love/Like/Hate + to + infinitive, gives more emphasis to the results of the action or event.
When we use these verbs, we can follow the verb with either the gerund or the infinitive as although they are different in form, they are the same in meaning.
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.