12 Nouns – Plural Formation

Nouns

Nouns refer to a person, place, thing, event, substance or quality.

Plural form is used to indicate that there is more than one person, animal, place or thing.

The Plural of the nouns can be formed differently, depending on the suffix. Below you can see the various cases of the formation of the Plural, grouped according to their suffix.

Regular

Add -s.

SINGULAR PLURAL
car  cars
classmate  classmates
table  tables
teacher  teachers
student students

Irregularities

  • Nouns with suffix -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z: Add -es.
  SINGULAR PLURAL
-ch witch witches
-s boss bosses
-sh bush bushes
-x box boxes
-z quiz quizes 
  • Nouns with suffix -y: Change -y- to -i- and add -es.
SINGULAR PLURAL
baby babies
city cities
daisy daisies
  • Nouns with Suffix -fe or -f: Change -f(e) in -v and add -es.
SINGULAR PLURAL
life lives
wife wives
wolf wolves

Most nouns +s:

  • Peter is a student.
    Peter and Eva are students.

Nouns with suffix -ch, -sh, -x, -s, -z:

  • We have 1 box.
    We have 10 boxes.

Nouns with suffix -y:

  • He tells me a story.
    He tells me some stories.

Nouns with Suffix -fe or -f:

  • She is a wife.
    They are wives.
  • We saw a wolf in the zoo.
    We saw many wolves in the zoo.

We use the singular when there is only one thing; we use the Plural when it is two or more than two. We usually use the Plural just with Countable nouns (names of the things that can be counted with numbers).

Uncountable Nouns do not follow the rules about Plural formation.

The Plural of the nouns can be formed differently, depending on the suffix. In most cases, we only have to add an “-s” to the end of the noun (e.g. students, dogs).

However, there are some irregularities about Plural formation depending on the ending of nouns.

For example:
With Suffixes -ch, -sh, -x, -s or -z:One box.” > “Two boxes.” = We add -es to the noun because the singular form ends with -x.
 With Suffix -y: One lady.” > “Two ladies.” = We change -y to -i and add -es because the singular form ends with -y.
With Suffixes -fe or -f:One wife.” > “Two wives.” = We change -f- to -v- and add -es because the singular form ends with -fe (Some cases we just add an -s).

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.