29 Past Simple – Affirmative

Verbs

The Past Simple is the tense used to talk about situations, events and actions that happened in the past.

When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

Regular form

The Past Simple of regular verbs in their Affirmative form have this structure:
Subject + past form of the verb.

Past form of the verb:
Base form of the verb + -ed.

SUBJECT PAST PARTICIPLE
I worked
You worked
He worked
She worked
It worked
We worked
You worked
They worked

Exceptions

  • Verbs with the suffix -y preceded by a consonant: Change -y to -i and add -ed.
INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE
study studied
cry cried
worry worried
  • Verbs with the suffix -e: Add only -d.
INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE
hope hoped
decide decided
arrive arrived
  • Verbs with a consonant suffix (except: w, y) preceded by a stressed vowel: Double the consonant and add -ed.
INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE
stop stopped
ban banned
travel travelled

Regular form

  • I baked delicious biscuits yesterday.
  • He played basketball for 8 years.
  • They visited Estonia in 2012.

Exceptions

Consonant + “-y”

  • I studied a lot for the exams.
  • He applied to Oxford University.
  • Their mother was worried because they were late.

Base form ending in “-e”

  • I hoped to meet you yesterday.
  • He decided not to come to the cinema.
  • They arrived in Valencia two days ago.

Stressed vowel + consonant suffix

  • My friend suggested on going to the beach but I preferred to stay at home.
  • His video was banned from Youtube.
  • They travelled around the world.

We use the Past Simple tense to talk about:

  • Actions, situations and events that occurred and finished in the past;
  • Repeated events and habits that took place in the past;
  • Past events and we use time expressions such as: Two weeks ago, last year, in 2010, yesterday, etc.

We use the Past Simple tense when we wish to talk about situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded. When used in its Affirmative form, something about the subject is confirmed.

The Past Simple of regular verbs in their Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + base form of the verb + -ed*.

For example:
— “I work.” > “I worked.” = We just add “-ed” (regular verbs).

*The Past Simple tense of regular verbs is formed differently depending on the base form of the verb used.

For example:
When the base form ends in “-y”: “I study. > “I studied.” = We change “y” in “i” and add “-ed”.
— When the base form ends in “-e”: “I hope.” > “I hoped.” = We just add “-d”.
— When the base form ends with a stressed vowel and consonant (except “-w” and “-y”): “I stop > “I stopped.” = We double the consonant and add “-ed”.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.