The Past Simple is the tense used to talk about situations, events and actions that happened in the past.
When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.
The Past Simple of regular verbs in their Affirmative form have this structure:
Subject + past form of the verb.
Past form of the verb:
Base form of the verb + -ed.
- Verbs with the suffix -y preceded by a consonant: Change -y to -i and add -ed.
- Verbs with the suffix -e: Add only -d.
- Verbs with a consonant suffix (except: w, y) preceded by a stressed vowel: Double the consonant and add -ed.
- I baked delicious biscuits yesterday.
- He played basketball for 8 years.
- They visited Estonia in 2012.
Consonant + “-y”
- I studied a lot for the exams.
- He applied to Oxford University.
- Their mother was worried because they were late.
Base form ending in “-e”
- I hoped to meet you yesterday.
- He decided not to come to the cinema.
- They arrived in Valencia two days ago.
Stressed vowel + consonant suffix
- My friend suggested on going to the beach but I preferred to stay at home.
- His video was banned from Youtube.
- They travelled around the world.
We use the Past Simple tense to talk about:
- Actions, situations and events that occurred and finished in the past;
- Repeated events and habits that took place in the past;
- Past events and we use time expressions such as: Two weeks ago, last year, in 2010, yesterday, etc.
We use the Past Simple tense when we wish to talk about situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded. When used in its Affirmative form, something about the subject is confirmed.
The Past Simple of regular verbs in their Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + base form of the verb + -ed*.
— “I work.” > “I worked.” = We just add “-ed” (regular verbs).
*The Past Simple tense of regular verbs is formed differently depending on the base form of the verb used.
— When the base form ends in “-y”: “I study.“ > “I studied.” = We change “y” in “i” and add “-ed”.
— When the base form ends in “-e”: “I hope.” > “I hoped.” = We just add “-d”.
— When the base form ends with a stressed vowel and consonant (except “-w” and “-y”): “I stop“ > “I stopped.” = We double the consonant and add “-ed”.
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.