26 Present Continuous – Affirmative

Verbs

The Present Continuous (or progressive) is the tense used to talk about situations that are going on around the moment of speaking (before, during and after the moment of speaking).

When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms that something is happening now.

The Progressive – Affirmative form of the verb to eat has this structure:
Subject + verb to be + [base form of the verb + -ing].

SUBJECT TO BE PRESENT
PARTICIPLE
SHORT FORM*
I am eating I’m
You are eating You’re
He is eating He’s
She is eating She’s
It is eating It’s
We are eating We’re
You are eating You’re
They are eating They’re

*The short form is used in spoken language or in informal writing.

Exceptions

  • Verbs with the suffix -e: drop -e and add -ing.
    INFINITIVE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
    write writing
    smile smiling
    take taking
  • When a one-syllable verb has one vowel and it ends in a consonant: Double the consonant.
    INFINITIVE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
    sit sitting
    get getting
    run running
  1. The moment of speaking
    • I’m eating an apple.
    • She is watching TV at the moment.
    • We are speaking.
  2. Temporary actions
    • I am looking for a new shirt.
    • Paul is working hard to buy new shoes.
    • We are staying in this apartment for 3 weeks.
  3. Planned actions
    • I am leaving early tonight.
    • He is going to the cinema on Friday evening.
    • We are going on holiday at the end of this month.
  4. Changes and tendencies
    • I am getting happier and happier.
    • The world is getting warmer.
    • We are becoming better at volleyball.
  5. Consistency of the events
    • I’m always watching the news.
    • He is talking consistently.
    • They are always having lunch at 14:00.

We use the Present Continuous to talk about:

  1. Actions happening at the moment of speaking;
  2. Temporary actions (that will finish in the future);
  3. Actions that are planned for the future;
  4. Changes and tendencies;
  5. Consistency of the events.

The Present Continuous is used to talk about situations that are going on around the moment of speaking. When used in its Affirmative form, something that is happening now is confirmed.

The Present Continuous in its Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + verb to be + [base form of the verb + -ing] (e.g. You are eating.).

For example:
—”You are eating.” = In this case we use the Present Continuous because we need to talk about an action that takes place while talking, in that moment.
> “You eat.” = In this case we use the Present Simple because we need to talk about an action that happens repeatedly or always in the present.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section which shows its use within a context.