26 Present Continuous – Affirmative

Verbs

The Present Continuous (or progressive) is the tense used to talk about situations that are going on around the moment of speaking (before, during and after the moment of speaking).

When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms that something is happening now.

The Present Continuous – Affirmative form of the verb has this structure:
Subject + “to be” + [verb + -ing].

Regular

Present form of the verb: Base form of the verb + -ing.

SUBJECT TO BE PRESENT
PARTICIPLE
SHORT FORM*
I am working I’m
You are working You’re
He is working He’s
She is working She’s
It is working It’s
We are working We’re
You are working You’re
They are working They’re

*The short form is used in spoken language or in informal writing.

Irregularities

  • Verbs with the suffix -e: Drop -e and add -ing.
    INFINITIVE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
    write writing
    smile smiling
    take taking
  • Verbs ending in a vowel which comes after a consonant and if the stress is on the last syllable or if the verb ends in -lDouble the consonant.
    INFINITIVE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
    sit sitting
    begin beginning
    spill spilling
  • Verbs ending in -ie: Drop -ie and add -ying.
    INFINITIVE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
    die dying
    lie lying
    tie tying
  1. The moment of speaking
    • I’m eating an apple.
    • She is watching TV at the moment.
    • We are speaking.
  2. Temporary actions
    • I am looking for a new shirt.
    • Paul is working hard to buy new shoes.
    • We are staying in this apartment for 3 weeks.
  3. Planned actions
    • I am leaving early tonight.
    • He is going to the cinema on Friday evening.
    • We are going on holiday at the end of this month.
  4. Changes and tendencies
    • I am getting happier and happier.
    • The world is getting warmer.
    • We are becoming better at volleyball.
  5. Consistency of the events
    • I’m always watching the news.
    • He is talking consistently.
    • They are always having lunch at 14:00.

We use the Present Continuous to talk about:

  1. Actions happening at the moment of speaking;
  2. Temporary actions (that will finish in the future);
  3. Actions that are planned for the future;
  4. Changes and tendencies;
  5. Consistency of the events.

The Present Continuous is used to talk about situations that are going on around the moment of speaking. When used in its Affirmative form, something that is happening now is confirmed.

The Present Continuous in its Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + “to be” + [verb + -ing].

For example:
—”You are eating.” = In this case we use the Present Continuous because we need to talk about an action that takes place while talking, in that moment.
> “You eat.” = In this case we use the Present Simple because we need to talk about an action that happens repeatedly or always in the present.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section which shows its use within a context.