28 Present Continuous – Interrogative

Verbs

The Present Continuous (or progressive) is the tense used to talk about situations that are going on around the moment of speaking (before, during and after the moment of speaking).

When expressed in its Interrogative form, it is used to form questions about things that are happening now.

The Progressive – Interrogative form of the verb to eat has this structure:
Verb to be + subject + [base form of the verb + -ing] + question mark (?).

TO BE SUBJECT PRESENT PARTICIPLE
Am I eating?
Are you eating?
Is he eating?
Is she eating?
Is it eating?
Are we eating?
Are you eating?
Are they eating?

*For the exceptions see Affirmative form of Present Continuous.

  1. The moment of speaking
    • Am I eating an apple?
    • Is she watching TV at the moment ?
    • Are we speaking?
  2. Temporary actions
    • Am I looking for a new shirt?
    • Is Paul working hard to buy new shoes?
    • Are we staying in this apartment for 3 weeks?
  3. Planned actions
    • Am I leaving early tonight?
    • Is he going to the cinema on Friday evening?
    • Are we going on holiday at the end of this month?
  4. Changes and tendencies
    • Am I getting happier and happier?
    • Is the world getting warmer?
    • Are we becoming better at volleyball?
  5. Consistency of the events
    • Am I always watching the news?
    • Is he talking consistently?
    • Are they always having lunch at 14:00?

We use the Present Continuous to talk about:

  1. Actions happening at the moment of speaking;
  2. Temporary actions (that will finish in the future);
  3. Actions that are planned for the future;
  4. Changes and tendencies;
  5. Consistency of the events.

The Present Continuous is used to talk about situations that are going on around the moment of speaking. When used in its Interrogative form, we can use it to form questions.

The Present Continuous in its Interrogative form has this structure:
Verb to be + subject + [base form of the verb + -ing] + question mark (?) (e.g. Are you eating?).

For example:
— “Do you eat?” = In this case we use the Present simple because we need to ask about an action that happens repeatedly or always in the present.
> “Are you eating?” = In this case we use the Present Continuous because we need to ask about an action that takes place while talking, in that moment.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.