8 Present Simple – Interrogative

Verbs

The Present Simple is the tense used to talk about situations that regularly repeated or always occur.

The Interrogative form is used to ask questions.

The Interrogative form of the verb to travel has this structure*:
Auxiliary verb “do” + subject + base form of the verb + question mark (?) (“does” for the third person singular).

DO SUBJECT VERB
Do I travel?
Do you travel?
Does he travel?
Does she travel?
Does it travel?
Do we travel?
Do you travel?
Do they travel?

*Exceptions: verb “to be”.

The third person singular consists of: Third person singular of the verb to do (=does) + subject + base form of the verb you’re conjugating (in this case “to travel”) + question mark (?).

  1. Planned future
    • Do I start my new job on the 17th of June?
    • Does the exam period end on the 19th of December?
    • Does their daughter arrive in a few days?
  2.  Timetables
    • Does the train leave at 7 o’ clock?
    • Does the match start at 9 o’ clock tomorrow?
    • Do my exams start at 10 o’clock tomorrow?
  3.  Habits/Routines
    • Do you usually wake up at 8 o’clock?
    • Does he go to the gym twice a week?
    • Do we go for lunch at good restaurants?
  4.  Facts
    • Does the sun rise from the West?
    • Does the water boil at 80°C?
    • Do unicorns exist?
  5. Permanent situations (present)
    • Do I live in Brussels?
    • Does she work in a supermarket?
    • Do they play football?
  6. Promises etc.
    • Do you promise to buy me a new phone?
    • Do you swear you’ll go to the doctor?
    • Do you promise me you’ll give me your phone number?
  7. Asking directions and instructions
    • How do I get to the library?
    • Where do I go?
    • How to get to he train station?
  8. Completed actions that happen as we speak
    • Do the brigades disappear?
    • Do the police catch the thief?
    • Does Real Madrid recover from two goals down?
  9. Informal narrative
    • Does the Beast transform into a prince?
    • Does Little Snow White fall asleep?
    • Does Little Red Riding-Hood meet the wolf?

Present Simple is used to ask questions about:

  1. Planned Future (planned events with given exact date);
  2. Timetables (planned events with given exact time);
  3. Habits/routines (something that happens repeatedly in the present);
  4. Facts (things that are generally true, stated);
  5. Permanent situations (that have been happening for a while and will happen in the future);
  6. Promises;
  7. Instructions (orders);
  8. Completed actions that happen as we speak (e.g. commentaries);
  9. Informal narrative (when telling a story).

We use the Present Simple to talk about situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur. When used in its Interrogative form, we can use it to form questions.

The Present Simple in its Interrogative form has this structure:
Auxiliary verb “do” + subject + base form of the verb + question mark (?) (e.g. Does he work on Tuesdays?) (“does” for the third person singular).

For example:
— “Does he work on Tuesdays?” = We use the Present Simple because we ask information about a permanent situation.
— “Do you live in a small flat.” = We use the Present Simple because we talk about a permanent situation.
— “Does the train leave at 6.” = We use the Present Simple because we talk about a timetable.
— “Does the water boil at 100 degrees Celsius.” = We use the Present Simple to talk about facts.

NOTE: We never use “do” for the third person singular when forming the Present Simple in the Interrogative form, it is always “does”.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.