47 Pronouns – Demonstrative

Determiners

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions.

Demonstrative Pronouns are determiners used instead of nouns to refer to things and identify their position and relation to their distance from the speaker.

Below you can see the list of Demonstrative Pronouns that are used to avoid repetitions of nouns:

SINGULAR PLURAL
NEAR This These
FAR That Those

Near:

  • This is very nice.
  • This is the restaurant I like.
  • These are very nice.
  • These are expensive clothes.

Far:

  • That is very nice.
  • That smells amazing.
  • Those are very nice.
  • Those are cheap afternoon snacks.

Demonstrative Pronouns replace a noun and let us avoid repetitions.

Near: We use this (singular) and these (plural) for things and people that are near to the speaker (here).

Far: We use that (singular) and those (plural) for things and people that are far (there).

NOTE: Demonstrative Adjectives come before the nouns and introduce them. Both use the same words, but their rule is different in a sentence.

We use Demonstrative Pronouns instead of nouns to refer to things and identify their position and relation to their distance from the speaker.

The Demostrative Pronouns differ in number:

  • Near to the speaker: For singular nouns we use this and these for plural nouns;
  • Far to the speaker: For singular nouns we use that and those for plural nouns.

For example:
— “These are my siblings, Sophie and Nicholas.” = The speaker talks about something which is plural and near to him, that’s why we use these.
— “Those shirts are very nice.” = The speaker refers to something which is plural and far from him, that’s why we use those.
— “This shirt is very nice.” – “This is very nice.”

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.