47 Pronouns – Demonstrative

Determiners

Demonstrative Pronouns are determiners used instead of nouns to refer to things and identify their position and relation to their distance from the speaker.

The difference between them and Demonstrative Adjectives is their role within the sentence.

Below you can see the list of Demonstrative Pronouns that are used to avoid repetitions of nouns:

SINGULAR PLURAL
NEAR This These
FAR That Those

Near

  • This is very nice.
  • These are expensive clothes.

Far

  • That smells amazing!
  • Those are cheap afternoon snacks.

Usually the Demonstrative Pronoun replaces a noun.

We use this (singular) and these (plural) for things and people that are near to the speaker (here).

We use that (singular) and those (plural) for things and people that are far (there).

We use Demonstrative Pronouns instead of nouns to refer to things and identify their position and relation to their distance from the speaker.

The Demostrative Pronouns differ in number:

  • Near to the speaker: For singular nouns we use this and these for plural nouns;
  • Far to the speaker: For singular nouns we use that and those for plural nouns.

For example:
— “These are my siblings, Sophie and Nicholas.” = The speaker talks about something which is plural and near to him, that’s why we use these.
— “Those shirts are very nice.” = The speaker refers to something which is plural and far from him, that’s why we use those.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.