48 Pronouns – Relative

Pronouns

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun. We distinguish them depending on number (singular, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

Relative Pronouns are used to introduce relative clauses. They refer to people or things by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clause.

Below you can see the list of Relative Pronouns:

RELATIVE PRONOUN PEOPLE THINGS
which x
that
who x

Which

  • I had a banana yesterday, which is my favorite fruit.
  • She is a waitress at the restaurant at which Mary works.
  • We are going to a library which has free internet.

That

  • I bought the red wine that you told me about.
  • The breakfast that I had yesterday was great.
  • These are the books that were written by my friend.

Who

  • I am the one who prepared lunch.
  • He is the man who cooked our dinner.
  • They are the teachers who work at his school.

We can use the relative pronoun which for things and who for people.

We can use that for both of them. Please note that we can sometimes omit this pronoun.

Which and that are used to add secondary/additional information, while which can be used to avoid the repetition of that.

We use Relative Pronouns to introduce relative clauses. They refer to people or things by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clause.

We have three main Relative Pronouns: Which, That and Who.

For example:
— “This is the restaurant which has an Italian menu.” = Which is the relative pronoun that refers to things.
— “The man that owns this restaurant is Italian.” / “This is the restaurant that  has an Italian menu.” = That is the relative pronoun that can refer both to people and things.
— “The man who owns this restaurant is Italian.” = Who is the relative pronoun that refers to people.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.