3 To Be – Affirmative

Verbs

The verb To Be is essential in grammar. It’s an auxiliary verb and is one of the irregular verbs.
(We will see its use in combination with other verbs to express actions and behaviour in the Present Progressive form).

When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The Affirmative form of the verb To Be has this structure:
Subject + verb to be.

SUBJECT VERB TO BE SHORT FORM*
I am I’m
You are You’re
He is He’s
She is She’s
It is It’s
We are We’re
You are You’re
They are They’re

*The short form is used in spoken language or in informal writing.

To Be is used with:

  1. Nouns
    • I am a student.
    • He is a lawyer.
    • We are doctors.
  2.  Adjectives
    • I am tall.
    • He is polite.
    • Many people are happy.
  3.  Prepositional phrases (or complements)
    • My book is on the bed.
    • There is a good movie on TV.
    • There are eggs in the box.

To Be is used to talk about:

  1. Age
    • You are 12 years old.
    • He is 35 years old.
    • We are 35.
  2.  Price
    • This coat is $100.
    • This dress is $50.
    • The books are $80 in total.
  3.  Size
    • A standard double bed is 5 feet wide.
    • The dress is medium.
    • The blue shoes are size 38.
  4. Shape
    • The table is square.
    • The building is rectangle.
    • The tower is oval-shaped.
  5.  Colour
    • My hair is brown.
    • His eyes are green.
    • Our room is pink.
  6. Nationality
    • I am from Greece.
    • He is Italian.
    • They are French.

To Be can also be used in short forms:

  • You’re 12 years old.
  • This coat’s $100.
  • A standard double bed’s 5 feet wide.

To Be has a very basic structure, when it is in combination with other classes of words (nouns, adjectives, complements, etc.), it gives us more details about the condition of the subject. It is used as a linking word, between the subject and a complement or adjective, to provide further information about the subject itself.

To Be is used with:

  1. Nouns;
  2. Adjectives;
  3. Prepositional Phrases (or complements).

To Be is used to talk about the characteristics of the subject, for example:

  1. Age;
  2. Price;
  3. Size;
  4. Shape;
  5. Colour;
  6. Nationality.

The verb To Be is one of the most commonly used auxiliary verbs. When used in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject (when we are describing it). To be is often used with nouns, adjectives and prepositional phrases.

The verb To Be in its Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + verb to be (e.g. I am an actress.).

For example:
— “I’m an actress.” = The verb confirms a characteristic of the subject.
— “He’s tall.” = The verb confirms a characteristic of the subject.
— “They mom is 38 years old.” = The verb confirms a characteristic of the subject.

The short form is used in spoken language or in informal writing. When the subject is a name or noun instead of a pronoun, we use the short form only with the third person singular.

For example:
— “His eyes are green.” – “His eyes’re green.
— “Our room is pink.” – “Our room’s pink.

NOTE: We use the short form in spoken language or informal writings.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.