Adjectives – Active & Passive

Adjectives

Adjectives are determiners that can be placed in two different positions within a sentence to modify or describe a person or a thing. {see Adjectives, A1 Level}

Adjectives can be used with active or passive voice but have a big difference in meaning.

Passive Adjectives express the idea of something or someone experiencing a particular event or effect, instead Active Adjectives express the idea of something or someone causing a particular event or effect.

Below you can see how to create Active and Passive Adjectives:

Active Adjectives have this structure:
Adjective + -ing.

Passive Adjectives have this structure:
Adjective + -ed.

  • Her answer was amazing!
    We were amazed by her answer.
  • The film is so boring!
    I don’t like this film, I’m bored.
  • They found the topic very interesting.
    They were interested in the topic.

We use Active Adjectives when we talk about somebody or something causing a particular effect.

We use Passive Adjectives when we talk about somebody or something experiencing a feeling or emotion.

We can use adjectives in a Passive or Active voice, with there being a significant difference in meaning.

Passive Adjectives express the idea of something or someone experiencing a particular event or effect. Active Adjectives express the idea of something or someone causing a particular event or effect.

Active Adjectives tend to end in -ing and Passive Adjectives tend to end in –ed.

For example:
— “This class was boring!“= Active Adjective.
— “I was bored during the lesson.“= Passive Adjective.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.