Adjectives – Comparative

Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives are determiners used to make a comparison between two things, people or actions, expressing the equalities or inequalities between them. {see Adjectives – Comparative, A1 Level}

To show equality or inequality between two things, people or actions we usually use the Comparative of Equality (as…as/clause).

Affirmative

The Comparative of Equality in its Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + verb + as + adjective + as + object.

Negative

The Comparative of Equality in its Negative form has this structure:
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective + as + object.

Interrogative

The Comparative of Equality in its Interrogative form has this structure:
Verb + subject + as + adjective + as + object + (?).

  1. Identical things
    • This box of biscuits is as big as mine.
    • A packet of flour is as heavy as a packet of rice.
    • The food at this restaurant is as tasty as my mother’s.
  2. Different things
    • A kilo of potatoes is not as expensive as a kilo of steaks.
    • Wine is not as expensive as champagne.
    • A drink without ice is not as cold as one with ice.
  3. Asking information about equality/inequality
    • Is this box of biscuits as big as mine?
    • Is a packet of flour as heavy as a packet of rice?
    • Is wine as expensive as champagne?

We use the Comparative of Equality (as…as/clause) to make comparisons:

  1. Talk about identical things (Affirmative);
  2. Talk about different things (Negative);
  3. Ask information about equality/inequality (Interrogative).

When we wish to highlight the equality or inequality between two things, people or actions, we use the Comparative of Equality (or the as…as/clause) and Comparative Adjectives.

The Affirmative form is used to express equality, the Negative form for inequality and the Interrogative form to ask about the equality or inequality of two things, people or actions.

  • Affirmative: Subject + verb + as + adjective + as + object;
  • Negative: Subject + verb + not + as + adjective + as + object;
  • Interrogative: Verb + subject + as + adjective + as + object + (?).

For example:
— “My doll is as lovely as yours.” = It declares an equality between two things.
— “I am not as beautiful as you are.” = It declares an inequality between two subjects.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.