Future: To be going to – Affirmative

Verbs

The Future is the tense used to predict or talk about future events. When we use the To be going to structure, we refer to strong intentions and formulating previsions using information we obtain in the present.

When expressed in its Affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The Affirmative form of this form of the future is:
Subject + verb be + [verb to go + -ing] + to + infinitive form of the verb.

SUBJECT TO BE GOING TO + VERB
I am going to + infinitive
You are going to + infinitive
He is going to + infinitive
She is going to + infinitive
It is going to + infinitive
We are going to + infinitive
You are going to + infinitive
They are going to + infinitive
  1. Plans and intentions for the future
    • I’m going to move to London next year.
    • He’s going to visit his parents in the summer.
    • We are going to visit you tonight.
  2. Predictions
    • It’s cloudy outside, it is going to rain.
    • It’s sunny today, it is going to be a hot day.
    • The profit is low, we are going to go bankrupt.
  3. Certainty
    • I am going to fall down if I don’t sit well.
    • This car is out of its way, it is going to crash.
    • We are going to miss the exam.

We use the future with the “To be going to” structure to talk about:

  1. Plans and intentions for the future;
  2. Predictions based on signs we see at the moment;
  3. To say that something is about to happen (that we are sure about it).

We can use the Future tense with “To be going to” to talk about the future. When used in its Affirmative form, something about the subject is confirmed.

The Future tense with “To be going to” in their Affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + verb be + [verb to go + -ing] + to + infinitive form of the verb (e.g. I’m going to work.).

For example:
—”Look at all the people. I think I’m going to work one hour more.” = We can predict that I will work one hour more thanks to some signs we see, for example, all the people in a restaurant, that’s why we use the Future with “To be going to”.
> “I’ll work one hour more.” = In this case we use the Future Simple because we express a future decision taken in the moment of speaking.

NOTE: We use this form of the future tense primarily to talk about plans and intentions for the future, predictions based on signs we see at the moment and to say something is about to happen.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.