Future: To be going to – Interrogative

Verbs

The Future is the tense used to predict or talk about future events. When we use the “To be going to” structure, we refer to strong intentions and formulating previsions using information we obtain in the present.

The Interrogative form is used to ask questions.

The Interrogative form of this form of the future has this structure:
Verb be + subject + [verb to go + -ing] + to + infinitive form of the verb + (?).

TO BE SUBJECT GOING TO + VERB QUESTION MARK
Am I going to + infinitive ?
Are you going to + infinitive ?
Is he going to + infinitive ?
Is she going to + infinitive ?
Is it going to + infinitive ?
Are we going to + infinitive ?
Are you going to + infinitive ?
Are they going to + infinitive ?
  1. Plans and intentions for the future
    • Am I going to move to London next year?
    • Is he going to visit his parents in the summer?
    • Are we going to visit you tonight?
  2. Predictions
    • It’s cloudy outside, is it going to rain?
    • It’s sunny today, is it going to be a hot day?
    • The profit is low, are we going to go bankrupt?
  3. Certainty
    • Am I going to fall down if I don’t sit well?
    • This car is out of its way, is it going to crash?
    • Are we going to miss the exam?

We use the Future with the “To be going to” structure to talk about:

  1. Plans and intentions for the future;
  2. Predictions based on signs we see at the moment;
  3. To ask about if something is about to happen or not.

We can use the Future tense with “To be going to” to talk about the Future. We can use the verb in its Interrogative form to form questions.

The Future tense with “To be going to” in their Interrogative form has this structure:
Verb be + subject + [verb to go + -ing] + to + infinitive form of the verb + (?) (e.g. Am I going to work?).

For example:
— “Look at all the people. Am I going to work one hour more?” = We can’t predict that I will work one hour more thanks to some signs we see, for example, all the people, that’s why we use the Future with “To be going to”.
> “Will I work one hour more?” = In this case we use the Future Simple because we express a future decision taken in the moment of speaking.

NOTE: We use this form of the Future tense primarily to talk about plans and intentions for the future and predictions based on signs we see at the moment.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.