Future: To be going to – Negative

Verbs

The Future is the tense used to predict or talk about future events. When we use the “To be going to” structure, we refer to strong intentions and formulating previsions using information we obtain in the present.

When expressed in its Negative form, the verb denies something about the subject.

The Negative form of this kind of future is:
Subject + verb be + not + [verb to go + -ing] + to + infinitive form of the verb.

SUBJECT     TO BE – NEGATION GOING TO + VERB
I am not going to + infinitive
You are not going to + infinitive
He is not going to + infinitive
She is not going to + infinitive
It is not going to + infinitive
We are not going to + infinitive
You are not going to + infinitive
They are not going to + infinitive
  1. Plans and intentions for the future
    • I’m not going to move to London next year.
    • He’s not going to visit his parents in the summer.
    • We are not going to visit you tonight.
  2. Predictions
    • It’s not cloudy outside, it is not going to rain.
    • It’s not sunny today, it is not going to be a hot day.
    • The profit is high, we are not going to go bankrupt.
  3. Certainty
    • I am not going to fall down if I sit well.
    • This car is not out of it’s way, it is not going to crash.
    • We are not going to miss the exam.

We use the future with the “To be going to” structure to talk about:

  1. Plans and intentions for the future;
  2. Negative predictions based on signs we see at the moment;
  3. Say that something is not about to happen (we are sure about it.).

We can use the future tense with “To be going to” to talk about the Future. When used in its Negative form, something about the subject is denied.

The Future tense with “To be going to” in their Negative form has this structure:
Subject + verb be + not + [verb to go + -ing] + to + infinitive form of the verb (e.g. I’m not going to work).

For example:
—”Look at all the people. I think I’m not going to work one hour more.” = We can predict that I will not work one hour more thanks to some signs we see,  for example, the few people that there are, that’s why we use the Future with “To be going to”.
> “I’ll not work one hour more.” = In this case we use the Future Simple because we express a future decision taken in the moment of speaking.

NOTE: We use this form of the Future tense primarily to talk about plans and intentions for the future, negative predictions based on signs we see at the moment and to say something is not about to happen.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.