Prepositions – Movement

Prepositions are small words that are related to another element in the sentence. They are essential because they provide additional details about the sentence.

We use the Prepositions of Movements to locate an event in a space frame.

To talk about movements and changing position we use Prepositions of Movement, their use depends on:

Movement to or from a place

  • To
  • From
  • Down
  • Up
  • Away from

Movement from one side to another

  • Across
  • Along

Changing position

  • In/Into
  • On/Onto
  • Out of
  • Off
  • Over
  • Under
  1. Movement to or from a place
    • Northern wind goes to Turkey every winter.
    • My mother came from the garden.
    • The baby pig fell down the stairs.
    • I’m going up to the second floor to see the sky.
    • Get away from the olive trees!
  2. Movement from one side to another
    • Be careful when you go across the streets. It is snowing.
    • Every Sunday we go for a walk along the coast.
  3. Changing position
    • My grandfather is coming into the garden.
    • My sister’s cat always jumps on/onto the table.
    • Your dog is out of your apartment right now.
    • Can you get off the bed and go to the supermarket, please?
    • The plane flies over the hill.
    • The subway runs under the street level in the interior parts of the city.

Prepositions of Movement have different uses.

  1. Movement to or from a place
    • To (destination of a changing of position);
    • From (starting point of a changing of position);
    • Down (moving to a lower positioned place);
    • Up (moving to a higher positioned place);
    • Away from (distancing oneself from a place).
  2. Movement from one side to another
    • Across (passing through a path, street, etc. to reach a destination);
    • Along (walking by the side of an extended place to reach a destination).
  3. Changing position
    • In/Into (entering a 3-dimensional place);
    • On/Onto (positioning on the top of a 3-dimensional place having contact with the place);
    • Out of (leaving a 3-dimensional place);
    • Off (changing a position by leaving the previous place);
    • Over (positioning on the top of a 3-dimensional place without having contact with the place);
    • Under (positioning below a 3-dimensional place).

 Prepositions are important as they provide additional information about the sentence.

We talk about movements and changing position by using the following Prepositions of Movement:

  • Movement to or from a place: To, From, Down, Up, Away from;
  • Movement from one side to another: Across, Along;
  • Changing position: In/Into, On/Onto, Out of, Off, Over, Under.

For example:
— “I go to Ibiza every summer.” = We use to because we talk about a change of position made to reach a specific destination.
— “My grandfather walks in/into the living room.” = We use in/into because we talk about a change of position to enter a 3-dimensional place.
— “Get your feet off the table! ” = We use off because table is a surface.
— “Be careful when you go across the streets.” = We use across because we talk about a change of position from a side to another through a path.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.