Prepositions are small words that are related to another element in the sentence. They are essential because they provide additional details about the sentence.
We use the prepositions of place to locate an event in a space frame.
Prepositions of place don’t stand alone but act with other elements of the sentence to create what we can call prepositional phrases
- I am waiting at the metro station in the rain.
- He was at the game when it was snowing.
- They love being at home with their dog.
- You put many posters on the walls.
- There was a rose on the way home.
- We are not allowed to smoke on the bus.
- The garden is on the left.
- You can find wonderful paintings in this church.
- There is a wild animal in that forest.
- They lived in Canada for 10 years.
We can distinguish three prepositions of place.
At (general, to refer to bigger places):
- Exact position at a point (at the bus stop);
- Before the name of group activities (at the party, at the match, etc.);
- With home, work, school, university, the top, the bottom, etc.
On (more specific, to refer to smaller places):
- Position on a surface (on the floor);
- On a line (on the path, on the way, on the river);
- Public transport;
- Directions (the right and the left), etc.
In (very specific, to refer to smallest places):
- Position inside large areas;
- Three-dimensional space and areas surrounded on all sides (e.g. in a forest, in the office, etc.);
- Continents, states, countries, buildings, etc.
Prepositions are important as they provide additional information about the sentence.
Following prepositions of place are used in order to locate an event in a space frame:
- At: Exact position at a point, before the name of group activities, with some words;
- On: Position on a surface, on a line, public transport, directions;
- In: Position inside large areas, three-dimensional space and areas surrounded on all sides, continents, buildings.
— “I work at home today.” = We use at because we talk about a specific point or place.
— “There was a banana on the floor.” = We use on because we talk about standing or lying down on top of a surface.
— “There is a special painting in this church.” = We use in because we talk about standing inside a 3-dimensional place.
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.