Prepositions – Place

Prepositions are small words that are related to another element in the sentence. They are essential because they provide additional details about the sentence.

We use the Prepositions of Place to locate an event in a space frame.

Prepositions of Place don’t stand alone but act with other elements of the sentence to create what we can call Prepositional Phrases:

  • At (general, to refer to bigger places);
  • On (more specific, to refer to smaller places);
  • In (very specific, to refer to smallest places).

At

  • He loves being at home with his dog.
  • He works at the market.
  • The ship is now at the bottom of the sea.

On

  • They put many posters on the walls.
  • There were roses on the way home.
  • You are not allowed to smoke on the bus.
  • There is an interesting show on TV tonight.

In

  • There are many wild animals in that forest.
  • She lived in Canada for 10 years.
  • We can find wonderful paintings in this church.

We can distinguish three Prepositions of Place.

At:

  • Exact position at a point (at the bus stop);
  • Before the name of group activities (at the party, at the match, etc.);
  • With home, work, school, university, the top, the bottom, etc.

On:

  • Position on a surface (on the floor);
  • On a line (on the path, on the way, on the river);
  • Public transport;
  • Directions (the right and the left), etc.

In:

  • Position inside large areas;
  • Three-dimensional space and areas surrounded on all sides (e.g. in a forest, in the office, etc.);
  • Continents, states, countries, buildings, etc.

Prepositions are important as they provide additional information about the sentence. In order to locate an event in a space frame by using the following Prepositions of Place:

  • At: Exact position at a point, before the name of group activities, with some words (e.g. at home);
  • On: Position on a surface, on a line, public transport, directions (e.g. on the floor);
  • In: Position inside large areas, three-dimensional space and areas surrounded on all sides, continents, buildings (e.g. in this church).

For example:
— “I work at home today.” = We use at because we talk about a specific point or place.
— “There was a banana on the floor.” = We use on because we talk about standing or lying down on top of a surface.
— “There is a special painting in this church.” = We use in because we talk about standing inside a 3-dimensional place.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.