Pronouns – Reflexive


Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun. We distinguish pronouns depending on number (singular, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

Reflexive Pronouns are used to emphasise the subject of the sentence.

Reflexive Pronouns can be considered as the combination of possessive adjectives and the word “self” (“selves” for plurals).

I myself 1st singular
You yourself 2nd singular
He herself 3rd singular masculine
She himself 3rd singular feminine
It itself 3rd singular neutral*
We ourselves 1st plural
You yourselves 2nd plural
They themselves  3rd plural


  • I baked this cake myself. (Nobody helped me.)
  • The businessman replied to the customer himself.
  • The employees shouldn’t blame themselves when clients don’t want to buy a product.

Reflexive Pronouns are usually used to talk about actions where the subject and the object of a sentence refer to the same person. In other words the person who performs the action is also the person who is subjected to the action and experiences it.

The following verbs are very common with Reflexive Pronouns as direct objects: enjoy, help, cut, kill, introduce, hurt, prepare, etc.

We use Reflexive Pronouns to emphasise the subject of the sentence. As with all pronouns, we distinguish pronouns by number (“-self” is singular, “-selves” is plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

For example:
— “I have to prepare myself for the party.” =  The subject both performs and experiences the action. “I” is the subject of the verb and behaves like a performer, “myself” is the object of the action and is the one to experience the action but actually these two pronouns refer to the same person.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.