Questions – Shall…?

Verbs

Shall is a modal verb used in question forms to ask for instructions or formulating requests in a polite way.

We form questions using Shall by using this structure:
Shall + subject + verb + (?).

 SHALL  PERSON  VERB  QUESTION MARK
Shall  I  do  …?
Shall you  do  …?
Shall he  do  …?
Shall she  do  …?
Shall it  do  …?
Shall we  do  …?
Shall you  do  …?
Shall they  do  …?
  1. Offers/volunteering
    • Shall I bring you an aperitif? (Do you want an aperitif?)
    • Shall I bring you a glass? (I can bring you a glass.)
    • Shall we do it for you? (Will we do it for you?)
  2. Suggestions
    • Shall I ask for the bill now? (Can I ask for the bill now?)
    • Shall I book a table? (I can book a table.)
    • Shall we go to an Italian restaurant? (Let’s go to an Italian restaurant.)
  3. Asking for instructions
    • My guests are vegetarians, what shall I cook?
    • I’m allergic to onion so what shall I do if I accidentally eat some?
    • What shall we do if the baby doesn’t drink the milk?

We use Shall when we ask questions or when make requests in a more polite way. It is used only in the first person singular and plural to:

  1. Offer services;
  2. Make suggestions;
  3. Ask for instuctions.

We use the modal verb Shall in question forms to ask for instructions or formulating requests in a polite way.

The structure of the sentence is as follows:
Shall + subject + verb + (?) (e.g. Shall I refill your drink?).

For example:
— “Shall I refill your drink?” = The speaker offers to refill the person’s drink.
— “Shall we go now?” = The speaker suggests to leave the place.
— “I finished studying English, what shall I study now?” = The speaker asks for an instruction.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.