Unit 4.2

Have and Have got: use

Verbs

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Use

We use have and have got when we confirm, deny or check that someone possesses someone/something. We use them also to express relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things.

However, they’re not completely interchangeable.

To have

  • Can be used to express actions;
  • Can be used to express past, present and future.

To have got

  • Cannot be used to express actions;
  • Can only be used to express the present.

Have is also used as an auxiliary verb in certain tenses to talk about actions. If we are using have in this way, we do not need to use do or does. We cannot use have got for this. (“I have done it.” / “I have got done it.”).

Example

To have

  • I have lunch at 2 p.m.
    I don’t have lunch at 2 p.m.
    Do you have lunch at 2 p.m.?
  • She had two dogsshe has two dogsshe will have two dogs.
    She didn’t have two dogs; she doesn’t have two dogs; she won’t have two dogs.
    Did she have two dogs?; does she have two dogs?; will she have two dogs?

To have got

  • I have got pasta for my lunch; I have not got pasta for my lunch; have I got pasta for my lunch?
  • She had got two dogs; she has got two dogs; she will have got two dogs.
  • She hadn’t got two dogs; she hasn’t got two dogs; she won’t have got two dogs.
  • Had she got two dogs?; has she got two dogs?; will she have got two dogs?
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