Unit 1.2

Present Simple: use

Tenses

Download Download eBook Download ebook

Use

We use present simple when we talk about:

  1. Completed actions that happen as we speak (commentaries);
  2. Facts (things that are generally true, stated);
  3. Habits/routines (something that happens repeatedly in the present);
  4. Informal narrative (when telling a story).
  5. Instructions (orders);
  6. Permanent situations (that have been happening for a while and will be happening in the future);
  7. Planned future (planned events with a given exact date);
  8. Promises;
  9. Timetables (planned events with given exact time);

In its three forms:

Example

  1. Completed actions that happen as we speak
    • The taxi driver disappears.
    • The taxi driver doesn’t disappear.
    • Does the taxi driver disappear?
  2. Facts
    • Teachers perform an important role in society.
    • Teachers don’t perform an important role in society.
    • Do teachers perform an important role in society?
  3. Habits/routines
    • I usually wake up at 8 o’clock.
    • I don’t usually wake up at 8 o’clock.
    • Do you usually wake up at 8 o’clock?
    • My boss goes to the gym twice a week.
    • My boss doesn’t go to the gym twice a week.
    • Does he go to the gym twice a week?
    • We go to the cinema too much.
    • We don’t go to the cinema too much.
    • Do we go to the cinema too much?
  4. Informal narrative
    • The housewife transforms into a princess.
    • The housewife doesn’t transform into a princess.
    • Does the housewife transform into a princess?
  5. Instructions
    • Go straight and turn left.
    • Restart your mobile phone.
    • Dedicate yourself to your studies.
  6. Permanent situations
    • I live in Russia.
    • I don’t live in Russia.
    • Do I live in Russia?
    • She works in a police station
    • She doesn’t work in a police station.
    • Does she work in a police station?
    • The trainee doctor studies medicine.
    • The doctor didn’t study maths.
    • Did the doctor study English?
  7. Planned future
    • start my new job on 17th June.
    • don’t start my new job on 17th June.
    • Do I start my new job on 17th June?
    • The exam period ends on 24th December.
    • The exam period doesn’t end on 24th December.
    • Does the exam period end on 19th December?
    • Emily’s plane lands in two hours.
    • Emily’s plane doesn’t land in 2 hours.
    • Does Emily’s plane land in 2 hours, or 3?
  8. Promises…
    • I promise to buy you a new mobile phone.
    • I don’t promise to buy you a new phone.
    • Do you promise to buy me a new phone?
  9. Timetables
    • The train leaves at 7 o’clock.
    • The train doesn’t leave at 7 o’ clock.
    • Does the train leave at 7 o’ clock?
Books4Languages feedback

License

English Course A1.1 Level Copyright © 2019 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

Share This Book