Unit 6.1

To be dalam Past Simple

Verbs

Kata kerja to be mempunyai fungsi penting dalam tata bahasa Inggris. Kata ini termasuk kata bantu kerja dan salah satu kata kerja yang tidak beraturan.

Untuk menyampaikan situasi yang terjadi di masa lampau, kita menggunakan bentuk lampau [past tense] kata kerja tersebut.

Kata kerja to be adalah salah satu kata kerja dengan bentuk lampau tidak beraturan.

Afirmatif

Subject To Be
I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were

Negatif

Subject To Be + not Short form
I was not wasn’t
You were not weren’t
He was not wasn’t
She was not wasn’t
It was not wasn’t
We were not weren’t
You were not weren’t
They were not weren’t

Interogatif

To Be Subject Question Mark
Was I ?
Were you ?
Was he ?
Was she ?
Was it ?
Were we ?
Were you ?
Were they ?

Afirmatif

  • I was a good boss.
  • He was here 2 minutes ago.
  • We were in Portugal in 2012.

Negatif

  • I wasn’t a good boss.
  • He wasn’t here 2 minutes ago.
  • We weren’t in Portugal in 2012.

Interogatif

  • Was I a good boss?
  • Was he here 2 minutes ago?
  • Were you in Portugal in 2012?

Bentuk lampau dari to be digunakan sebagai kata sambung antara subjek dan kata pelengkap atau kata sifat. Selain itu, to be dalam bentuk lampau juga dapat memberikan informasi lanjut tentang subjek tersebut di masa lampau.

Kita menggunakan past simple untuk menggambarkan situasi yang terjadi di masa lampau dan telah dilakukan. Kata kerja to be memiliki bentuk lampau tidak beraturan.

  • Afirmatif: (I) was, (you) were, (he/she/it) was, (we/you/they) were;
  • Negatif: (I) was not, (you) were not, (he/she/it) was not, (we/you/they) were not;
  • Interogatif: was (I…?), were (you…?), was (he/she/it…?), were (we/you/they…?).

Contoh:
— Afirmatif: “The sugar was enough for the cake.”
— Negatif: “The sugar wasn’t enough for the cake.”
— Interogatif: “Was the sugar enough for the cake?

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian {Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

License

English Grammar A1 Level for Indonesian speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

Share This Book