Unit 6.1

Past simple glagola to be

Verbs

Glagol biti [to be] je nepogrešljiv v slovnici. Je pomožni glagol in eden od nepravilnih glagolov.

Za opisovanje situacij, do katerih je prišlo v preteklosti in so sedaj zaključene, uporabljamo preteklo obliko [past tense] glagola.

Glagol to be je eden izmed glagolov z nepravilnim preteklikom. 

Affirmative

SubjectTo Be
Iwas
Youwere
Hewas
Shewas
Itwas
Wewere
Youwere
Theywere

Negative

SubjectTo Be + notShort form
Iwas notwasn’t
Youwere notweren’t
Hewas notwasn’t
Shewas notwasn’t
Itwas notwasn’t
Wewere notweren’t
Youwere notweren’t
Theywere notweren’t

Interrogative

To BeSubjectQuestion Mark
WasI?
Wereyou?
Washe?
Wasshe?
Wasit?
Werewe?
Wereyou?
Werethey?

Affirmative

  • I was a good boss.
  • He was here 2 minutes ago.
  • We were in Portugal in 2012.

Negative

  • I wasn’t a good boss.
  • He wasn’t here 2 minutes ago.
  • We weren’t in Portugal in 2012.

Interrogative

  • Was I a good boss?
  • Was he here 2 minutes ago?
  • Were you in Portugal in 2012?

Past simple glagola to be se uporablja kot povezovalna beseda med osebkom in dopolnilom ali pridevnikom. Da nam dodatne informacije o samem osebku v preteklosti.

Enostavni preteklik [past simple] uporabljamo, ko opisujemo sitacuije, do katerih je prišlo v preteklosti in so sedaj zaključene. Glagol biti [to be] ima nepravilno obliko v pretekliku.

  • Trdilna: (I) was, (you) were, (he/she/it) was, (we/you/they) were;
  • Nikalna: (I) was not, (you) were not, (he/she/it) was not, (we/you/they) were not;
  • Vprašalna: was (I…?), were (you…?), was (he/she/it…?), were (we/you/they…?).

Na primer:
— Trdilna: “The sugar was enough for the cake.”
— Nikalna: “The sugar wasn’t enough for the cake.”
— Vprašalna: “Was the sugar enough for the cake?

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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English Grammar A1 Level for Slovene speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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