Unit 1.2

Past Participle

Verbs

Download Download eBook Download ebook Print This Post Print This Post

Introduction

The Past participle is a verb that is used to form other tenses (such as the present perfect).

Many past participle forms of verbs are irregular.

Form

The Past participle is a form of the verb that is used in formation of past perfect, past perfect continuous, present perfect, present perfect continuous, future perfect, future perfect continuous and passive tenses {check the topic Present Perfect}.

Regular

Regular past participles follow all the formation rules of past simple that is made by adding -ed at the end of the verbs.

Irregular

Irregular verbs do not follow this rule. The most commonly used irregular verbs are:

VerbPast Participle
becomebecome
breakbroken
bringbrought
buybought
dodone
drawdrawn
drinkdrunk
eateaten
feelfelt
findfound
gogone
havehad
hearheard
keepkept
readread
runrun
saysaid
seeseen
teachtaught
writewritten

Example

Past Perfect

  • I had studied every night.
  • He had finished the course this year.
  • We had fought many times.

Past perfect continuous

  • I had been studying every night.
  • He had been finishing the course this year.
  • We had been fighting many times.

Present Perfect

  • I have studied every night this week.
  • He has finished the course recently.
  • We have fought a lot.

Future Perfect

  • I will have studied every night.
  • He will have finished the course by the end of the year.
  • We will have fought a lot.

Future perfect continuous

  • I will have been studying every night for weeks.
  • He will have been finishing the course.
  • We will have been fighting too much.

Use

We use the past participle to form verbs in different tenses.

Summary

The past participle is a verb form which is used in the formation of many tenses. It is made by adding -ed at the end of the verbs, but there are many verbs that are irregular.

For example:
— Regular : „Watch“ ⇒ “I have watched a great movie tonight.” = We add -ed at the end of the verb.
— Irregular: „Be“ ⇒ “I have been to Montenegro four times.” / “I have beed to Montenegro four times. = We use another form (the verb be changes to been).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

Books4Languages feedback

Lizenz

English Grammar A2 Level for German speakers Copyright © 2018 books4languages. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.

Dieses Buch teilen