Unit 4.1

Letter: g

Introduction

The letter g can be pronounced in different ways, depending on the position in the word.

Form

These are the pronunciations of g or the digraphs containing this letter:

Uppercase Lowercase Phonetics
G g /g/
G g /dʒ/
G

GN

GH

GG

DG

g

gn

gh

gg

dg

/ʒ/

silent

/f/ or silent

/g/ or /dʒ/

/dʒ/

Example

Letter g:

g (/g/):

  • game, go, leg;

g (/dʒ/)

  • gentle, giant, gym

g (/ʒ/)

  • garage, genre, regime;

Digraphs with g:

gn-gh (silent)

  • design, foreign, signed;
  • daughter, eight, light;

gh (/f/):

  • enough, laugh, tough;

gg (/g/):

  • aggressive, baggage, egg;

gg (/dʒ/)

  • exaggerate, suggest;

dg (/dʒ/)

  • bridge, edge, judge.

Use

There are some rules that will make easier the process of learning when the letter g is placed.

Generally, the letter g is pronounced as /g/, although before e, i, y is pronounced /dʒ/

  • G = /g/
  • G + e, i, y = /dʒ/

We can find digraphs including the letter g, which means that those two letters represent only one sound.

In the case of gn, the g is not pronounced if it is placed in the end of the word or if has an -e after the digraph.

  • GN = Silent (only pronounced /n/)
  • GN + e = Silent (only pronounced /n/)

In the digraph gh, sometimes g is not pronounced or it is pronounced as an /f/.

  • GH = Silent
  • GH = /f/

When it is double g (gg), sometimes it is  pronounced as a common /g/ or /dʒ/.

  • GG = G

When a d goes before git is also pronounced as /dʒ/.

  •  DG = /dʒ/

Exercises

External link to Letter: g exercises (1189).




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