Unit 4.1


Letter: g

Sounds and letter

The letter g can be pronounced differently in English language.

G can be pronunciated in different ways, depending on the letters that are after or before it.

UppercaseLowercasePhonetics
Gg/g/
Gg/dʒ/
Gg/ʒ/

You have to learn the rules in order to decide what is the correct pronunciation of the letter “g”. However, you have to learn the exceptions by heart.

g (/g/):

game, go, leg;

g (/dʒ/)

gentle, giant, gym

g (/ʒ/)

garage, genre, regime;

Digraphs:

gn-gh (silent)

  1. design, foreign, signed;
  2. daughter, eight, light;

gh (/f/):

  1. enough, laugh, tough;

gg (/g/):

  1. aggressive, baggage, egg;

gg (/dʒ/)

  1. exaggerate, suggest;

dg (/dʒ/)

  1. bridge, edge, judge.

In general case:

  1. g= g;
  2. g= dʒ, before the letters e, i, y .

In digraphs:

  1. when an “n” follows a “g” (gn) the “g” is not pronounced if it is at the end of the word or if an “e” follows the “gn”;
  2. when the letter “h” follows the letter “g”, sometimes the digraphs is not pronunced;
  3. when the letter “h” follows the letter “g”, sometimes the digraphs is pronounced as /f/;
  4. when we have double g (gg), sometimes it is pronounced as /g/;
  5. when we have double g (gg), sometimes it is pronounced as /dʒ/;
  6. when a “d” precedes a “g” (dg), it is pronounced as /dʒ/.

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English Orthography A2 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.