Unit 3.1

Letter: j

Sounds and letter

The letter j usually corresponds to the sound /dʒ/, however there are some exceptions.

The letter j can be pronounced as:


j = /dʒ/

  • jail, jam, jump;

j = /ʒ/

  • bijou, jongleur;

j = /h/

  • fajitas.

J represents a voiced palato-alveolar sibilant affricate, produced by first stopping the air flow entirely, then directing it with the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence. We usually pronounce j as [dʒ]. However there are exceptions: loan words that include /j/ with the pronunciation of the original language.

The same sound is also made by “g”, as in giraffe.


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