- English Grammar B1 Level - https://open.books4languages.com/english-b1-grammar -

Gerunds as Complements


The gerund [1] is a verb that functions as a noun referring to an action, a process or a state.

We can use gerund as the complement of the sentence.


When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb.

It has this structure:
Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …

The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…


  • I always dreamt of going abroad.
  • He is good at observing people.
  • They found the industrial district by using a map.


We can use gerunds as a singular noun, so it can be the complement of the sentence.


The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. In this case, it can be used as the subject or complement of the sentence.

The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and a complement, which has the form of a gerund.

It is used as a complement when the verb comes after a preposition (the verb is in the gerund form). {see Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations [2], A2 level}

For example:
“He is afraid of losing her.” = Gerund losing is used after a preposition of as the complement of the sentence.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.