- English Grammar B1 Level - https://open.books4languages.com/english-b1-grammar -

Wh- Questions in Future Form

Introduction

Wh- questions [1] always begin with one of the wh- question words (interrogative pronouns), which show what kind of information is wanted.

The wh- questions in the future tense are used to ask for information in the future.

Form

In the future tense (both simple and continuous), we use the future forms of the auxiliary and modal verbs.

There are two means we can use to ask about the future:

  • Will (the future form of the auxiliary to be);
  • The phrase to be going to.

The structure of wh- questions in future form is:

  • With will:
    Wh- question word + will + subject + verb (present form) + …?
    What/who + will + verb (present form) + …?
    Which/whose + noun + will + verb (present form) + …?
  • With to be going to:
    Wh- question word + to be (present form) + subject + going to + verb (present form) + …?
    What/who + to be (present form) + subject + going to + verb (present form) + …?
    Which/whose + noun + to be (present form) + suject + going to + verb (present form) + …?

Example

Will

  • When will you visit us?
  • Who will arrive first?
  • Whose project will win?

To be going to

  • Where are you going to hang the picture?
  • What are you going to wear tonight?
  • Which course are they going to attend?

Use

{See Wh- Questions in Present Form [1], A1 level}

We use will to talk about:

  • immediate decisions;
  • predictions;
  • feelings.

We use to be going to to talk about:

  • previously decided plans;
  • future situations we have information about.

Summary

Wh-questions start with one of the wh- question words: what, when, where, which, who, whom, whose, why and how. In the future we use them with the auxiliary will (for immediate decisions, predictions and feelings) and the phrase to be going to (for previously decided plans and future situations we have information about).

For example:
— “Where will she live?” = Where introduces an open question, because you can give an infinite number of answers.
♦ “Will she move to Spain next year?” = Yes/no questions [2] require short answers followed by yes or no, they are also called closed questions.

NOTE: An auxiliary (be [3]/have [4]) or a modal verb (can [5]/could [6]/would [7]) must be placed after a wh- question and before a subject.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.