Unit 3.1

Prepositional Phrases

Prepositional Phrase

Prepositional phrases are the result of the combination of the prepositions and other elements of the sentence (nouns, pronouns, gerunds).

Prepositional phrases have this structure:
… + noun + preposition + (gerunds +) …

We use certain nouns only with specific prepositions.

After the preposition, a gerund may appear.

The main noun-preposition combinations are:

To:

  • Addiction to;
  • Dedication to;
  • Devotion to;
  • Reaction to.

For:

  • Reputation for;
  • Responsibility for;
  • Reason for;
  • Regret for;
  • Talent for.

Of:

  • Advantage of;
  • Disadvantage of;
  • Fear of;
  • Habit of;
  • Knowledge of;
  • Process of.

About:

  • Anxiety about;
  • Story about.
  • Her reaction to the professor speech surprised everyone.
  • Tara has a talent for playing instruments.
  • There are a lot of advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence.
  • They are trying to manage their anxiety about the presentation.

Prepositional phrases don’t follow a generic grammar rule, so we have to learn them by heart.

Prepositional phrases are the result of the combination of the prepositions and other elements of the sentence (nouns, pronouns, gerunds). After the preposition, a gerund may appear. 

The main noun-preposition combinations are:

  • To: addiction to, dedication to… ;
  • For: reputation for, responsibility for… ;
  • Of: advantage of, disadvantage of… ;
  • About: anxiety about, story about.

The structure of prepositional phrases is:

… + noun + preposition + (gerunds +) …

The structure is:

We use a noun followed by a preposition possibly followed by a gerund.

For example:
— Tara has a talent for playing instruments. = We use the gerund form after some prepositions.
— Her reaction to the professor speech surprised everyone.”
 

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