Adjectives are determiners that can be placed in two different positions within a sentence to modify or describe a person or a thing.
Demonstrative adjectives are determiners used to place objects in space and identify their position in relation to their distance from the speaker.
Below you can see the list of demonstrative adjectives that we use before nouns:
- This car belongs to my father.
- That boy is from Turkey.
- These shoes are too big for you.
- Those boxes over there are very heavy.
Demonstrative adjectives come before the nouns and introduce them.
Near: We use this (singular) and these (plural) for things and people that are near to the speaker (here).
Far: We use that (singular) and those (plural) for things and people that are far (there).
We use demonstrative adjectives to identify a noun’s position in relation to its distance from the speaker. Demonstrative adjectives usually precede a noun:
- Close to the speaker: For singular nouns we use this and for plural nouns these;
- Far to the speaker: For singular nouns we use that and for plural nouns those.
— “This apple pie seems delicious!” = The apple pie is near the speaker.
— “That apple pie seems delicious!” = The apple pie is far from the speaker.
— “These apples are delicious!” = The apples are near the speaker.
— “Those apples look delicious!” = The apples are far from the speaker.
Do not confuse demonstrative adjectives with demonstrative pronouns which replace a noun and let us avoid repetitions. Both use the same words, but their rule is different in a sentence.
— “This apple pie seems delicious!” / “This seems delicious!” = Both sentences show the distance of the apple pie. In the second sentence we avoid repeating the noun.
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.