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Unit 4.1

Have/Have got – Affirmative

Verbs

Have/have got is a verb used to express states like possession, relationship, illnesses and the characteristics of people and things.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The present simple tenses of have and have got are:

To have

The structure, in the affirmative form, is:
Subject + have/has + object + …

  • Have/has: in the affirmative form, the third person singular changes from have to has;
  • There is no short version of have in the affirmative form for third person singular.
SUBJECT HAVE SHORT FORM
I have I’ve
You have You’ve
He has
She has
It has
We have We’ve
You have You’ve
They have They’ve

To have got

The structure, in the affirmative form, is:
Subject + have/has got + object + …

  • Have/has: in the affirmative form, the third person singular changes from have to has.
SUBJECT HAVE GOT SHORT FORM
I have got I’ve got
You have got You’ve got
He has got He’s got
She has got She’s got
It has got It’s got
We have got We’ve got
You have got You’ve got
They have got They’ve got

To have

  • I have lunch at 2 p.m.
  • She had two dogs; she has two dogs; she will have two dogs.

To have got

  • I have got lunch at 2 p.m.
  • She had got two dogs; she has got two dogs; she will have got two dogs.

Have and have got are used to confirm that someone possesses someone/something. They are also used to express relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things. However they’re not completely interchangeable.

  • To have
    • Can be used to express actions;
    • Can be used to expres past, present and future.
  • To have got
    • Cannot be used to express actions;
    • Can be used just to express the present.

Have and have got, in the affirmative form, are used to confirm states such as possession, relationship, illnesses and characteristics of the subject. However, we cannot use one instead of the other.

Have can be used to express actions in the past, present and future. The structure is:
Subject + have/has + object + … (has for the third person singular)

Have got cannot be used to express actions and can be used just to express the present. The structure is:
Subject + have/has got + object + … (has for the third person singular)

For example:
“I have a shy personality.” / “I have got a shy personality.“= We use have because it is an action.
— “I have a car.” / “I’ve got a car.” = We use have and have got because it is the possession of something in the present.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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Have/Have got - Affirmative Copyright © 2018 by My Language Skills. All Rights Reserved.