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Unit 10.1

Love – Like – Hate


We use the verbs love/like/hate to express positive (love or like) or negative (hate) feeling about something.

When we consider the verbs love/like/hate we can find two kinds of structures, which are different in form and have slightly different meanings:
Love/like/hate + gerund [verb + -ing] + …
Love/like/hate + infinitive [to + verb] + …

The -ing form is more common than the infinitive form after hate and love.

  • I like cooking.
    I like to cook on Sundays.
  • He loves travelling abroad!
    He loves to travel abroad.
  • They hate going to the doctor.
    They hate to go to the doctor.

Love/like/hate are used to express our preferences and tastes in a positive or negative way.

  • Love: an intense emotion of affection towards a person or thing;
  • Like: a favourable feeling, desire, or preference;
  • Hate: to dislike (someone or something) intensely.

After the verbs can be used:

  • Gerund: to emphasize the action;
  • Infinitive: to give more emphasis to the results of the action.

The verbs love/like/hate are used to express something we like or dislike and to express preferences and tastes.

The structures are:
Love/like/hate + gerund [verb + -ing] + …
Love/like/hate + to-infinitive [to + verb] + …

For example:
— “I love going to the beach.” / “I love to go to the beach.” = An intense emotion or affection.
— “I like going to the beach.” / “I like to go to the beach.” = A favourable preference.
— “I hate going to the beach.” / “I hate to go to the beach.” = A dislike.

The first sentence with the structure  + gerund emphasizes the action or experience. The second one, + to-infinitive gives more emphasis to the results of the action or event.

NOTE: When we use these verbs, we can follow the verb with either the gerund or the infinitive, and even if they are different in form, they are the same in meaning.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.


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