Nouns refer to a person, place, thing, event, substance or quality.
Nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neutral. In most cases we can form a feminine version of the word when the person we’re talking about is a woman.
In most cases we obtain the feminine form by adding –ess.
But we can find some exceptions that occur regularly, for example:
- Suffix –tor or –ter: Change to –tr and add –ess;
- Suffix –e: Add –ss;
- Suffix stressed vowel + consonant: double the consonant and add –ess.
- Host ⇒ Our hostess is a nice woman.
- Count ⇒ The Countess gave birth at eleven.
- Manager ⇒ The Manageress check the rooms at weekends.
Nouns ending with -tor or -ter:
- Actor ⇒ She is my favourite actress.
- Waiter ⇒ These girls are waitresses.
Nouns ending with -e:
- Prince ⇒ The princess got married and lived happily ever after.
Nouns ending with stressed vowel followed by consonant:
- God ⇒ Athena is an ancient goddess.
We form a feminine version of the word when the person we’re talking about is a woman and the noun has a possible feminine version.
There are exceptions and irregularities that need to be studied by heart.
There are three genders (masculine, feminine and neutral). It is possible to obtain the female form of a masculine noun. In most cases, we are able to do this by simply adding an -ess.
However, there are exceptions and irregularities that need to be studied by heart.
— Regular: “Lion” ⇒ “Lioness” = We add -ess.
— With the suffix -tor or -ter: “Actor” ⇒ “Actress“ = We change –tor to –tr and add -ess.
— With the suffix -e: “Prince“ ⇒ “Princess” = We add -ss.
— With the suffix stressed vowel + consonant: “God“ ⇒ “Goddess” = We double the consonant -d and add
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.