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Unit 2.1

Nouns – Genders


Nouns refer to a person, place, thing, event, substance or quality.

Nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neutral.

Some nouns can be in:

  • Masculine, feminine and neutral form;
  • Masculine and feminine form;
  • Neutral form.
boy girl child
uncle aunt
sir madame
father mother parent
husband wife spouse
man woman person
son daughter
 –  – dog
 –  – dolphin
 –  – table

We can distinct some neutral nouns by adding “male” or “female.”

Words with masculine, feminine and neutral form:

  • Our daughter likes football. She plays it every day.
  • Our son likes football. He plays it every day.
  • This table has four legs. It is very stable.

Words with both masculine and feminine form:

  • My aunt doesn’t eat meat. She is a vegetarian.
  • My uncle doesn’t eat meat. He is a vegetarian.

Words with neutral form only:

  • The dog is 10 kilos. It is heavy.
    The female dog is 10 kilos. She is heavy.
  • The dolphin has been cured. It was injured.
    The male dolphin has been cured. He was injured.
  • The table is 500 euros. It is expensive.

There are three genders. People can be either masculine (for males) or feminine (for females), whereas things are usually neutral.

We usually use he (masculine) and she (feminine) for people, however we use it (neutral) for things and animals (except for pets and domestic animals when they’re considered to be intelligent and have feelings where we can use He or She).

There are three genders: masculine (for males), feminine (for females), whereas things and animals are usually neutral.

We usually use he and she for people, however we use it for things and animals. When we refer to domestic animals, we can mention them by using “he” or “she”.

For example:
— “My uncle doesn’t eat meat. He is a vegetarian.” = We use “he” because uncle is masculine.
— “My aunt doesn’t eat meat. She is a vegetarian.” =  We use “she” because aunt is femenine.
— “The cat sleeps during the day. It is so cute.” / “The female cat sleeps during the day. She is so cute.” = We can use “it” or “she” as it is a domestic animal and female.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


Nouns - Genders Copyright © 2016 by My Language Skills. All Rights Reserved.