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Unit 7.2

Numbers – Ordinal


Ordinal numbers express numerical sequences, positioning elements in a list.

Ordinal numbers are usually followed by the definite article “the” and they are usually placed after the verb.

Ordinal numbers are made by adding -th* to the cardinal numbers.


1st* first
2nd* second
3rd* third
4th fourth
5th* fifth
6th sixth
7th seventh
8th* eighth
9th* ninth
10th tenth

*The exceptions (Also twelve = twelfth).

  • It’s my second time in Sweden.
  • He was the first on the list.
  • Our house is the fourth on the left.

We use ordinal numbers to show the position of something.

Unlike cardinal numbers, which are used to express the quantity of something, they express numerical sequences.

Ordinal numbers differ from cardinal numbers as they are used to position elements on a list.

Ordinal numbers are made by adding -th to the cardinal numbers.

For example:
— “It’s my fifth time in Spain.” = This is the current number of times that I’m in Spain (Fifth = ordinal number).
♦ “I’ve been to Spain five times.” = The total number of times I’m in Spain (Five = cardinal number).

NOTE: 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 9 and 12 are exceptions (as the ordinal numbers for these are first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth and twelfth).

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


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