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Unit 5.2

Past Simple – Affirmative


The past simple is the tense used to talk about situations, events and actions that happened in the past.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The past simple of regular verbs in their affirmative form have this structure:
Subject + [past form of the verb].


Past form of the verb: Verb + -ed.

I worked
You worked
He worked
She worked
It worked
We worked
You worked
They worked


  • Verbs with the suffix -y preceded by a consonant: Change -y to -i and add -ed.
study studied
cry cried
worry worried
  • Verbs with the suffix -e: Add only -d.
hope hoped
decide decided
arrive arrived
  • Verbs with a consonant suffix (except: w, y) preceded by a stressed vowel: Double the consonant and add -ed.
stop stopped
ban banned
travel travelled

Regular form

  • I baked delicious biscuits yesterday.
  • He played basketball for 8 years.
  • They visited Estonia in 2012.


Consonant + “-y”:

  • I studied a lot for the exams.
  • Their mother was worried all the time.
  • He applied to Oxford University last year.

Base form ending in “-e”:

  • I hoped to meet you yesterday.
  • The school acquired your papers before but not anymore.
  • They arrived in Valencia two days ago.

Stressed vowel + consonant suffix:

  • My friend suggested on going to the beach but I preferred to stay at home.
  • His stopped doing exercise long ago.
  • They travelled around the world in 1998.

We use the past simple tense to talk about:

  • Actions, situations and events that occurred and finished in the past;
  • Repeated events and habits that took place in the past;
  • Past events and with time expressions such as: Two weeks ago, last year, in 2010, yesterday, etc.

We use the past simple tense when we wish to talk about situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded. When used in its affirmative form, something about the subject is confirmed.

The past simple of regular verbs in their affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + [past form of the verb].

For example:
— Regular verbs: “I learn.” ⇒ “I learned.” = We just add “-ed”.

The past simple tense of regular verbs is formed differently depending on the base form of the verb used.

For example:
— Base form ends in “-y”: “I study.I studied.” = We change “y” in “i” and add “-ed”.
— Base form ends in “-e”: “I hope.” ⇒ “I hoped.” = We just add “-d”.
— Base form ends with a stressed vowel and consonant (except “-w” and “-y”): “I stop. ⇒ “I stopped.” = We double the consonant and add “-ed”.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


Past Simple - Affirmative Copyright © 2016 by My Language Skills. All Rights Reserved.