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Unit 4.2

Possessive Case

Noun Phrase

The possessive case is used to talk about things that belong to a person or animal. We can even use it to show that one thing belongs to another.

Possessive cases have three ways of formation:

  • In singular form we add an apostrophe and a s (’s) to singular nouns: catcat’s;
  • In plural form we add an apostrophe () to regular plural nouns: catscats;
  • In irregular plural form we add an apostrophe and a s (’s) to irregular plural nouns: peoplepeople’s.
  • Singular:
    • This is my sister’s room (one sister).
    • You can find my friend’s number here (one friend).
  • Plural:
    • This is my sisters’ room (two sisters or more).
    • You can find my friends’ numbers here (two friends or more).
  • Irregular plural:
    • These children’s mobile phones are missing (two children or more).
    • She took women’s phone numbers (two women or more).

The possessive case is used to talk about things that belong to a person or an animal, but we also use it to express relationships and physical characteristics of the subject.

The possessive case is used to talk about things that belong to a person or an animal, but also relationships and physical characteristics of the subject.

For example:
— Singular nouns: “The cat‘s ball is on the sofa.” = The ball belongs to one cat, so we add (-‘s).
— Plural nouns: “The cats ball is on the sofa.” = The ball belongs to more than one cat, so we add ().
— Irregular plural nouns: “The children‘s ball is on the sofa.” = Children is an irregular plural so we add (-‘s).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section which shows its use within a context.

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