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Unit 1.2

Present Simple – Affirmative


The present simple is the tense used to talk about situations that regularly repeated or always occur.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The simple present tense in its affirmative form of the verb has this structure:
Subject + verb
(-s for the third person singular).

I work
You work
He works
She works
It works
We work
You work
They work

The third person singular usually adds an “-s”. There are some exceptions depending on the ending of the verb:

  • Verbs ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z,: Add -es (e.g. watch > watches; kiss > kisses; crush > crushes; tax > taxes; buzz > buzzes);
  • Verbs ending with a consonant followed by -y: Change -y to -ie and add -s (e.g. cry > cries);
  • Irregular verbs such do, go, be and have do not follow any rule: do > does, go > goes, be > is, have > has.
  1. Planned future
    • start my new job on the 17th of June.
    • The exam period ends on the 24th December.
    • Their friend arrives in a few days.
  2.  Timetables
    • The train leaves at 7 o’clock.
    • The match starts at 9 o’clock tomorrow.
    • My exams start at 10 o’clock tomorrow.
  3. Habits/routines
    • I usually wake up at 8 o’clock.
    • He goes to the gym twice a week.
    • We go for lunch at good restaurants.
  4. Facts
    • The sun rises in the east.
    • The water boils at 100°C.
    • Tigers exist.
  5. Permanent situations
    • I live in Brussels.
    • She works in a supermarket.
    • They play football.
  6. Promises etc.
    • I promise to buy you a new mobile phone.
    • He swears he’ll go to the doctor.
    • Promise me you’ll give me your phone number.
  7. Giving directions and instructions
    • Go straight and turn left.
    • Restart your mobile phone.
    • Go upstairs and through the second doo on the left.
  8. Completed actions that happen as we speak
    • The brigades disappear into the crowd.
    • The police catch the thief.
    • Real Madrid recovers from two goals down.
  9. Informal narrative
    • The Beast transforms into a prince.
    • Little Snow White falls asleep.
    • Little Red Riding-Hood meets the wolf.

We use the present simple to talk about:

  1. Planned future (planned events with given exact date);
  2. Timetables (planned events with given exact time);
  3. Habits/routines (something that happens repeatedly in the present);
  4. Facts (things that are generally true, stated);
  5. Permanent situations (that have been happening for a while and will happen in the future);
  6. Promises;
  7. Instructions (orders);
  8. Completed actions that happen as we speak (e.g. commentaries);
  9. Informal narrative (when telling a story).

We use the present simple to talk about situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur. When used in its affirmative form, something about the subject is confirmed (when we are describing it).

The present simple in its affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + verb (-s for the third person singular).

For example:
— “I live in a small flat.” = We use the present simple because we talk about a permanent situation.
— “The train leaves at 6.” = We use the present simple because we talk about a timetable.
— “Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.” = We use the present simple to talk about facts.

There are some exceptions for the third person singular, depending on the ending of the verb.

For example:
Ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z: ABCDEFG = Add -es.
Ending with a consonant followed by -y: ABCDEFG = Change -y to -ie and add -s.
Irregular verbs do not follow any rule: do/does, go/goes, be/is, have/has.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


Present Simple - Affirmative Copyright © 2016 by My Language Skills. All Rights Reserved.