Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions.
Demonstrative pronouns are determiners used instead of nouns to refer to things and identify their position and relation to their distance from the speaker.
Below you can see the list of demonstrative pronouns that are used to avoid repetitions of nouns:
- This is very nice.
- This is the restaurant I like.
- These are very nice.
- These are expensive clothes.
- That is very nice.
- That smells amazing.
- Those are very nice.
- Those are cheap afternoon snacks.
Demonstrative pronouns replace a noun and let us avoid repetitions.
Near: We use this (singular) and these (plural) for things and people that are near to the speaker (here).
Far: We use that (singular) and those (plural) for things and people that are far (there).
We use demonstrative pronouns instead of nouns to refer to things and identify their position and relation to their distance from the speaker.
The demostrative pronouns differ in number:
- Near to the speaker: For singular nouns we use this and these for plural nouns;
- Far to the speaker: For singular nouns we use that and those for plural nouns.
— “This shirt is very nice.” = The shirt is near the speaker.
— “That shirt is very nice.” = The shirt is far from the speaker.
— “These shirts are very nice.” = The shirts are near the speaker.
— “Those shirts are very nice.” = The shirts are far from the speaker.
Do not confuse demonstrative pronouns with demonstrative adjectives which come before the nouns and introduce them. Both use the same words, but their rule is different in a sentence.
— “This is very nice.” / “This shirt is very nice.” = Both sentences show the distance of the shirt. In the second sentence we introduce the noun.
Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.