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Unit 0

Pronouns – Subject


Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions.

Subject pronouns replace a subject which is a person or a thing in a sentence.

We distinguish subject pronouns depending on number (singular, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine, neutral).

Subject pronouns are used before verbs in the sentence.

I 1st person sing.
You 2nd person sing.
He 3rd person sings. masculine
She 3rd person sings. feminine
It 3rd person sings. neutral*
We 1st person plur.  –
You 2nd person plur.  –
They 3rd person plur.  –

* (object/animal)

  1. Subject of the verb
    • am tall.
    • You are pretty.
    • He is short.
    • She is beautiful.
    • It is big.
    • We are young.
    • You are athletes.
    • They are fat.
  2. To replace the person and avoid repetitions
    • [n/a]*
    • Andy, take off that hat, you look funny.
    • John is tall and he is also thin.
    • Maria is from Spain, she is Spanish.
    • I like the colour red, it is passionate.
    • Me and Julia come from France, we are French.
    • You and Peter always talk, you are really talkative.
    • John and Maria are fat, they eat a lot.

*Non applicable for the first person.

Subject pronouns are the pronouns used:

  1. As the subject of the verb;
  2. To replace the person and avoid repetitions.

Subject pronouns differ in gender and number. We use subject pronouns for two reasons:

  • They can be used as the subject of the verb;
  • They can be used to replace a person or thing which has been previously mentioned, to avoid repetitions.

Subject pronouns are placed before verbs in the sentence.

For example:
— “He is handsome.” = The pronoun he behaves as a subject. We are talking about one specific boy.
— “Look at David, he is handsome!” = The pronoun he replaces the subject expressed in the first part of the sentence (he = David).

NOTE: If you want to use subject pronouns as a replacement, it is not possible to do this when you need to use the first person singular (I).

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


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