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Unit 1.1

To Be – Affirmative


To be is an auxiliary verb and it is essential in grammar.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

To be is an irregular verb and the affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + to be.

I am I’m
You are You’re
He is He’s
She is She’s
It is It’s
We are We’re
You are You’re
They are They’re

*The short form is used in spoken language or in informal writing.

To be is used with:

  1. Nouns
    • I am a student.
    • He is a lawyer.
    • We are doctors.
  2.  Adjectives
    • I am tall.
    • He is polite.
    • Many people are happy.
  3.  Prepositional phrases (or complements)
    • My book is on the bed.
    • There is a good movie on TV.
    • There are eggs in the box.

To be is used to talk about:

  1. Age
    • You are 12 years old.
    • He is 35 years old.
    • We are 35.
  2.  Price
    • This coat is $100.
    • This dress is $50.
    • The books are $80 in total.
  3.  Size
    • A standard double bed is 5 feet wide.
    • The dress is medium.
    • The blue shoes are size 38.
  4. Shape
    • The table is square.
    • The building is rectangle.
    • The tower is oval-shaped.
  5.  Colour
    • My hair is brown.
    • His eyes are green.
    • Our room is pink.
  6. Nationality
    • I am from Greece.
    • He is Italian.
    • They are French.

To be can also be used in short forms:

  • I’m 12 years old.
  • This coat’s $100.
  • Standard double beds’re 5 feet wide.

To be has a very basic structure, when it is used as a linking word between other classes of words (subjects, nouns, adjectives, complements, etc.), it gives us more details about the condition of the subject.

To be is used with:

  1. Nouns;
  2. Adjectives;
  3. Prepositional phrases (or complements).

To be is used to talk about the characteristics of the subject, for example:

  1. Age;
  2. Price;
  3. Size;
  4. Shape;
  5. Colour;
  6. Nationality.

The verb to be is one of the most commonly used auxiliary verbs. When used in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject (when we are describing it). To be is often used with nouns, adjectives and prepositional phrases.

The verb to be in its affirmative form has this structure:
Subject + to be.

For example:
— “I’m an actress.
— “He’s tall.
— “They are from UK.

The verb to be gives information and confirms the characteristics of the subjects.

When the subject is a name or noun instead of a pronoun, we use the short form only with the third person singular.

For example:
— “Our room is pink.” / “Our room’s pink.
— “His eyes are green.” / “His eyes’re green.

NOTE: We use the short form in spoken language or informal writings.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


To Be - Affirmative Copyright © 2016 by My Language Skills. All Rights Reserved.