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Unit 2.2

Be going to


Be going to is a structure that refers to the future. {see Be going to, A1 level}

  1. Predictions
    • You found a job. You are going to earn money.
    • It’s sunny today. It is going to be a hot day.
    • The profit is low. We are going to go bankrupt.
    • The profit is high. We are not going to go bankrupt.
    • The profit is low. Are we going to go bankrupt?
  2. There is definite sign that something is going to happen
    • I am going to fall down if I don’t sit well.
    • Look at the sky. It is going to rain.
    • We are going to miss the exam.
    • Look at the sky. It is not going to rain.
    • Look at the sky. Is it going to rain?
  3. Commands
    • You are going to talk to the boss!
    • He is going to work as a babysitter.
    • They are not going to meet with the client.

We use the future with the be going to structure to talk about:

  1. Predictions (based on signs we see at the moment);
  2. Things that are about to happen (that we are sure about them);
  3. Commands (affirmative and negative forms).

We can use be going to to talk about our predictions, things that are about the happen and commands.

For example:
— “I am going to send him an email about my decision.” = With be going to we show that it is my intention to send an email but it is not arranged yet.
♦ “I am sending him an email about my decision tonight.” = Present continuous for future shows that it is already arranged that I will send him an email.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


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