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Unit 3.1

Pronouns: Relative – Places and Time

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun. {see Pronouns – Subject, A1 Level}

Relative pronouns are used to introduce relative clauses. They refer to place and time by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clauses. {see Pronouns – Relative, A1 level}

Relative pronouns are used before nouns.

Position in the sentence:
Where/when + subject + noun …


  • This is the shopping center where I bought a gift for my mom.
  • It is the butcher where my brother worked at.
  • This is the hotel where we stayed at during our trip.


  • I can’t forget the day when my dad opened our bakery.
  • The winter when I started working as a shop assistant was cold.
  • The day when the hairdresser died was my birthday.

Relative pronouns refer to places and time. We use:

  • Where (to refer places);
  • When (to refer time).

We use relative pronouns to introduce relative clauses. We use pelative pronouns where (refers to place) and when (refers to time) to replace the subject in the main clause to avoid repeating it in the relative clauses and both of them are used before nouns.

For example:
“London is a multinational capital where 8 million people live.” = Where refers to London (place).
“I remember last Christmas when we traveled to Scandinavia.” = When refers to last Christmas (time).

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.


Pronouns: Relative - Places and Time Copyright © 2016 by My Language Skills. All Rights Reserved.