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Unit 3.1

Relative Pronouns of People and Things

Pronouns

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun {see Pronouns – Subject, A1 Level}.

Relative pronouns are used to introduce relative clauses. They refer to people or things by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clause {see Pronouns – Relative, A1 level}.

Relative pronouns whom and whose come after nouns.

  • Whom
    • I called the salesman from whom I bought this watch.
    • This is the woman to whom I wanted to speak.
    • The people, for whom they were waiting, have arrived.
  • Whose
    • Helen, whose father is a baker, lives in an industrial city.
    • This is the painter whose statue is in the main square of the city.
    • This is my cousin whose clothes shop has the most expensive clothes.

Whom and whose are used to introduce relative clauses. They refer to people, and are used to identify them and to add information about them. We use:

  • Whom to discover which person receives an action;
  • Whose to find out which person something belongs to.

Relative pronouns whom and whose are used to introduce relative clauses, and to avoid repeating the subject of the main clause in the relative clause. Both refer to people and are used before nouns.

For example:
— “I am dating the girl whom I met at the restaurant.” = Whom refers to the girl.
— “The girl, whose brother owns this restaurant, is Italian.” = Whose refers to the girl.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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