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Unit 3.1

Relative Pronouns of Place and Time

Pronouns

Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun {see Pronouns – Subject, A1 Level}.

Relative pronouns are used to introduce relative clauses. They refer to place and time by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clauses {see Pronouns – Relative, A1 Level}.

Relative pronouns where and when come after nouns.

  • Where
    • This is the shopping center where I bought a gift for my mom.
    • It is the butcher where my brother worked at.
    • This is the hotel where we stayed at during our trip.
  • When
    • I can’t forget the day when my dad opened our bakery.
    • The winter when I started working as a shop assistant was cold.
    • The day when the hairdresser died was my birthday.

Where and when are used to introduce relative clauses. We use:

  • Where to discover the place of the action described in a sentence;
  • When to find out the time of the action described in a sentence.

Relative pronouns where (place) and when (time) are used to introduce relative clauses, and to avoid repeating the subject of the main clause in the relative clauses. They are used before nouns.

For example:
“I work in London, where 8 millions of people live.” = Where refers to London (place).
— “I work in London when you where in the countryside.
” = When refers to the working period in London (time).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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